Author Archives: bolanvoice
By Imamdin Kandrani
The invise personalization of politics in Balochistan is indicating to worse political of coming politics in Balochistan. Basically, it’s a deep lesson and has a long-past history which was a serious cultural change. The cultures of politics have also been changed. Therefore the past history of Balochistan is necessary to be mentioned.
At the time of sub continent (Now India and Pakistan) there was no any political system in Balochistan. Because of geographic location of this tend, it is very cold in winter and hot in summer. Therefore, the residents of Balochistan were named, who would change their place according to season and they would not have permanent houses. Thus, they do not have sense of politics and also ruling.
The nomadic Balochs were loyal and supporter of their neighbors. Indeed they were united under the shadow of early system (Sardari system). That’s the original reason of supporting the pathans when the Russian force entered in Afghanistan and was compelled to go back. Additionally, the Russian started to muse over their retreated invasion in Afghanistan and finally, they got reason that the involvement of nomadic Baloch defeated them. Thus, they started to thieving this culture the reads change and then project (But underground) was named by Russian to bring politically change in Balochistan and to cut off the chief system of this land.
When the appropriate plan of dividing the sub-continent has got power, after that Pakistan and India had gotten isolated identification. The under ground plan of bringing cultural and political change was continued. However, through Mr Jinnah they were to pay concentration over Balochistan. At least he was succeeding in occupying Balochistan by Pakistan and alliance of Balochistan in Pakistan was come into being. Thus, it was a workshop of that under plan work of bringing political change to weaken Balochistan.
In fact, when Pakistan came into being, the Britain did not pay attention on political system of Pakistan however, the Balochistan and Pakistan had become single, thus, and the personalization of politics came into being. And day by day, it got spirit and then the Britain project ended here and got seeming result of pro-family politics project.
In the beginning of sixteen decade of previous century, Pakistan people’s party came into being by ZA Bhuto. After, the demise of his the leadership of PPP was handed over to Benazir (His daughter) was the aimed to raise family politics and same is the condition of PML-N and other political parties of Pakistan, are pro-personalization of politics. Thus, the Pakistan politics affected Balochistan’s politics.
Now, the political workers of Balochistan rely on two kinds of politics. The political parties of Baloch nationalist, is a strong political kind. Moreover, in above kind of politics, BNP-M, BNP-A, National Party, BRP, JWP are those parties in which no workers opinion is being asked to appoint central member, even those who taking over the parties can appoint anyone according to their wishes. Therefore, again it is the pro-personalization of politics in Balochistan. The second, kind of politics is the system of central political system in which, PPP, PML-N, PML-Q, PTI, MQM, ANP, JUI and others are also pro-family politics. There is no any proper plan to select the leadership. However, this kind of politics is the real failure of democracy; in this case Asif Ali Zardari’s leadership is also a tragedy that who selected him as co-chairman as president of PPP. Thus, the both central and politics preferred family politics.
Further, it has many grave consequences, which are briefly being mentioned under.
The family politics in Balochistan has created worse law in order situation. The political leaders are the youth that can not play a vital role to push the country towards the norms of development. However, the law in order problem exists in every corner of Balochistan. Nobody feel easy and safe. No one can trade, study and perform a job in a friendly atmosphere. Even the writ of government is escaped and people hate political administrations because, their character is known by everyone. They have come in power due to family politics. Thus, it has fetch worse law in order situation.
Personalization of politics introduces such social injustice that nobody has respect for others rights. As, the time of election come the political worker change their place to set-up their position for next tenure. If a poor try to get ticket of any party so, they do not surpass in election that is called social politics. Thus, it is the basic root of social injustice.
Family politics is also a system of ruling over to press the poor. The poor are being financially nipped in the bud. For instance, pro-family politics leaders had increased hiking price to abolish the majority so that, they could not be able to face them. Hence, the family politics is the force to crush the potential of his enemy (the poor).
Similarly, if we discuss about the hindrances so may find many obstacles in the way of free and fair politics.
The ring leader system is the most difficult barrier for pure politics. In Sardari system nobody is free to cast his vote. Even, nobody is allowed to take part in election relatives or may be son, nephew or same other. However, in Balochistan, Nawab Akbar Bhugti and Khan Mohammad Khalphar Bhugti fought with each other for the sake of election. Indeed, Khan Mohammad Khalphar was migrated from his native place Sui. In nutshell, the earls are always stoppages in the way of free and fair politics.
The dishonest bureaucrats of country are pitfalls for neat politics. They are most powerful and on the day of election, they support to the chiefs or rich. Similarly, the flatters of them help to the high class people. However, in these current scenarios, the district administrators are also the emblem of earl chief, Mir and Khan’s when ever, public come on roads against of political forces of the administrators use force to provoke them. Even public and social leaders are not allowed to strike against stake holders. In this way, the corrupt bureaucrateses are bottlenecks in the way of pure politics and following pro-family politics system.
Un-equal and untendered educational system is also a hindrance in front of beauty politics. People know every thing through education and can measure good and bad. But, in Balochistan is like nothing. However, illiteracy rate is so high that the real literacy is only 36% till Matriculation and even, in higher education it goes to 6% according to a education report of public opinion and educational resource. If illiteracy rate is 5 times higher than literacy rat so in such condition only family politics is possible. Thus, the education system is also a barrier in the way of free and fair politics because of public members.
Family politics can be avoided while hanging out clear cut workers would be candidly against of it. Moreover, they have be ingenious in this matter. Because, if they want to make strong the democracy so, they will have to cut off it in nutshell, pure agenda of political Parties against family politics can bring spring time in politics for the betterment of democracy also.
Similarly, the education can change the tendencies of family politics. In this regard Nelson Mandela says “education is the most powerful weapon we can use it to the world”. However, education is the important source to change the nations of public about family politics. Through the stream line we can push back such a dismal situation of present politics in Balochistan. Therefore, the education is the only source to change current theme of politics.
Rising personalization of politics is a grave threat for real democracy. Similarly, it abolishes the culture of pure politics. However, it swallows the basic rights of masses. Additionally, it is the origin embezzlement and a great loss for economy of Balochistan, because there is no sign of the NAB to accountable them. Equally important it destroys the writ of officers, because people use source rather than officially power.
The sincerity of public about this matter can be proven by a typical revolution and all the revolutions had occurred on account of awareness of public. When they got awareness thus uprooted this incurable disease (Family politics). Similarly, the current scenario demands for such revolution which has power to shake-up family politics from Balochistan.
By Razamia Nadir Ali, Turbat
Balochistan has a long tradition in the production of handicrafts. This tradition began centuries ago, and it is still progressing. Handicrafts from Balochistan are known all over the world for the beauty of their designs and for the richness of the color, and its economical prices. Besides being popular within the country, these handicrafts are being exported to various foreign countries where these are warmly received, especially by the people of the west.
Handicrafts skills in Balochistan and needle work of Balochistan are very attractive. This work is being done by the women and girls. The handicraft’s needle work is common all over the province of Balochistan. The women folk spend hours in doing the embroidery work as a means of earning for the family.
Needle-work in Balochistan is various designs and embroidery techniques which vary from place to place. Different areas of Balochistan are known for their distinctive designs. Dera Bugti is famous for ‘Kowchik’ stitching has its own pattern, which is embroidered on shawls and shirts for the women. It is famous and popular everywhere in Pakistan.
Kalat and Khuzdar districts are famous for their ‘Moshamka needle work.’ It involves stitch work in different colors. It may include the use of thing mirror work. Sibbi district is well known for her “Jok” needle work in which fine thread of various colors and shades is used. The “Jok” work is very popular all over the country.
The needle-work of on dress, cushions and bed sheets embroidered Balochi chapels of Balochistan are a special attraction for the people. Their beauty and artistic value is a matter of pride for those who put them on. Embroidered caps, purses and belts are also much in demand; large deposits of marble stone provided the material for the production of beautiful objects. Marble table etc, ash-trays decoration pieces add to the glamour of the houses and offices. Crude marble is dug out in the Chaghi District of Balochistan.
Carpets and well-hangings of Balochistan are another source of attraction for everyone. Carpets form not only a special part of the setting in the tribal house holds, but the tradition has also won a place of popularity in the city homes. Balochi handicrafts are an important source of foreign exchange earnings for the country. Pottery and ornaments have always been the symbols of the development of civilization their Balochi ornaments; especially the silver ornaments show the skill and artistry of craftsmen. The handicrafts industry of Balochistan is encouraged and supported at the government level. It adds to the foreign exchange earnings in addition to providing jobs for thousands. The handicrafts also boost up the image of the country in international circles, because these reflect the artistic temperament of a nation.
By Qasim Baloch
Hugo Chavez (1954 – 2013) was a former Army Lieutenant Colonel and President of Venezuela. A populist, Chávez instituted what he calls a “Bolivarian Revolution” in Venezuela, where key industries were nationalized and oil revenues were used in social programs for the poor. Hugo Chávez was a vocal critic of the United States of America, in particular former President George W. Bush, who he once famously and publicly called a “donkey.” He was very popular with poor Venezuelans, who in February of 2009 voted to abolish term limits, allowing him to run for re-election indefinitely.
Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías was born on July 28, 1954 to a poor family in the town of Sabaneta in the province of Barinas. His father was a schoolteacher and opportunities for young Hugo were limited: he joined the military at the age of seventeen. He graduated from the Venezuelan Academy of Military Sciences when he was 21 and was commissioned as an officer. He attended college while in the military but did not get a degree. After his studies, he was assigned to a counter-insurgency unit, the start of a long and noteworthy military career. He also served as head of a paratrooper unit.
Chávez in the Military:
Chávez was a skilled officer, moving up in the ranks quickly and earning several commendations. He eventually reached the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He spent some time as an instructor in his old school, the Venezuelan Academy of Military Sciences. During his time in the military, he came up with “Bolivarianism,” named for the liberator of northern South America, Venezuelan Simón Bolívar. Chávez even went so far as to form a secret society within the army, the Movimiento Bolivariano Revolucionario 200, or the Bolivarian Revolutionary Movement 200.Chávez has long been an admirer of Simón Bolívar.
The Coup of 1992:
Chávez was only one of many Venezuelans and army officers who were disgusted by corrupt Venezuelan politics, exemplified by President Carlos Pérez. Along with some fellow officers, Chávez decided to forcibly oust Pérez. In the morning of February 4, 1992, Chávez led five squads of loyal soldiers into Caracas, where they were to seize control of important targets including the Presidential Palace, the airport, the Defense Ministry and the military museum. All around the country, sympathetic officers seized control of other cities. Chávez and his men failed to secure Caracas, however and the coup was quickly put down.
Prison and Entry into Politics:
Chávez was allowed to go on television to explain his actions, and the poor people of Venezuela identified with him. He was sent to prison but vindicated the following year when President Pérez was convicted in a massive corruption scandal. Chávez was pardoned by President Rafael Caldera in 1994 and soon entered politics. He turned his MBR 200 society into a legitimate political party, the Fifth Republic Movement (abbreviated as MVR) and in 1998 ran for president.
Chávez was elected in a landslide at the end of 1998, racking up 56% of the vote. Taking office in February 1999, he quickly began implementing aspects of his “Bolivarian” brand of socialism. Clinics were set up for the poor, construction projects were approved and social programs were added. Chávez wanted a new constitution and the people approved first the assembly and then the constitution itself. Among other things, the new constitution officially changed the name of the country to the “Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.” With a new constitution in place, Chávez had to run for re-election: he won easily.
Venezuela’s poor loved Chávez, but the middle and upper classed despised him. On April 11, 2002, a demonstration in support of the national oil company’s management (recently fired by Chávez) turned into a riot when the demonstrators marched on the presidential palace, where they clashed with pro-Chavez forces and supporters. Chávez briefly resigned and the United States was quick to recognize the replacement government. When pro-Chavez demonstrations broke out all over the country, he returned and resumed his presidency on April 13. Chávez always believed that the United States was behind the attempted coup.
Chávez proved to be a tough and charismatic leader. His administration survived a recall vote in 2004, and used the results as a mandate to expand social programs. He emerged as a leader in the new Latin American leftist movement and had close ties with leaders such as Bolivia’s Evo Morales, Ecuador’s Rafael Correa, Cuba’s Fidel Castro and Paraguay’s Fernando Lugo. His administration even survived a 2008 incident when laptops seized from Colombian Marxist rebels seemed to indicate that Chávez was funding them in their struggle against the Colombian government. In 2012 he easily won re-election in spite of repeated concerns over his health and his ongoing battle with cancer.
Chávez and the US:
Much like his mentor Fidel Castro, Chávez gained much politically from his open antagonism with the United States. Many Latin Americans see the United States as an economic and political bully who dictates trade terms to weaker nations: this was particularly true during the George W. Bush administration. After the coup, Chávez went out of his way to defy the United States, establishing close ties to Iran, Cuba, Nicaragua and other nations recently unfriendly towards the US. He often went out of his way to rail against US imperialism, even once famously calling Bush a “donkey.”
Administration and Legacy:
Hugo Chavez died on March 5, 2013 after a long battle with cancer. The final months of his life were full of drama, as he disappeared form public view not long after the 2012 elections. He was treated mainly in Cuba and rumors swirled as early as December 2012 that he had died. He returned to Venezuela in February of 2013 to continue his treatment there, but his illness eventually proved too much for his iron will.
Chávez was a complicated political figure who did much for Venezuela, both good and bad. Venezuela’s oil reserves are among the largest in the world, and he used much of the profits to benefit the poorest Venezuelans. He improved infrastructure, education, health, literacy and other social ills from which his people suffered. Under his guidance, Venezuela emerged as a leader in Latin America for those who do not necessarily think that the United States is always the best model to follow.
Chavez’s concern for Venezuela’s poor was genuine. The lower socioeconomic classes rewarded Chávez with their unwavering support: they supported the new constitution and in early 2009 approved a referendum to abolish term limits on elected officials, essentially allowing him to run indefinitely.
Not everyone thought the world of Chávez, however. Middle and upper-class Venezuelans despised him for nationalizing some of their lands and industries and were behind the numerous attempts to oust him. Many of them feared that Chávez was building dictatorial powers, and it is true that he had a dictatorial streak in him: he temporarily suspended Congress more than once and his 2009 referendum victory essentially allowed him to be President as long as the people kept electing him.
He cracked down on the press, greatly increasing restrictions as well as punishments for slander. He drove through a change in how the Supreme Court is structured, which allowed him to stack it with loyalists.
He was widely reviled in the United States for his willingness to deal with rogue nations such as Iran: conservative televangelist Pat Robertson once famously called for his assassination in 2005. His hatred for the United States government occasionally seemed often to approach the paranoid: he accused the USA of being behind any number of plots to remove or assassinate him. This irrational hatred sometimes drove him to pursue counter-productive strategies, such as supporting Colombian rebels, publicly denouncing Israel (resulting in hate crimes against Venezuelan Jews) and spending enormous sums on Russian-built weapons and aircraft.
Hugo Chavez was the sort of charismatic politician who comes along only once a generation. The closest comparison to Hugo Chavez is probably Argentina’s Juan Domingo Peron; another ex-military man turned populist strongman. Peron’s shadow still looms over Argentine politics and only time will tell how long Chavez will continue to influence his homeland.
By Zahida Mahrab, Turbat
Education plays a miraculous role to enable an individual to be successful and it is such a power, which turns a man into a human being, and it is necessary for everyone to be educated, most importantly, for a women. It’s well-known that when a man gets education means an individual is educated while a woman acquires education; it means a whole nation is educated. Thus, the role of an educated woman matters the most for the development of any society. Therefore, it has been given the utmost priority in the world. On the contrary, in Balochistan the case seems completely different. Balochistan is the richest land in Pakistan due to possessing almost every resources and minerals in it, but poorest in term of education, specially, in women’s education.
Ironically, in Balochistan the education for women is down to zero. Sadly, Baluchistan’s literacy figures for women’s education is disturbingly, lowest in Pakistan standing at 14.1 percent compared nearly 3.5% in both in Punjab and Sindh and 18% in Khyber Paktoon khuwa. Similarly, there are various causes, which are leading women’s education towards darkness.
Generally, the fundamental hurdle in path of women’s education in Balochistan is the lack of concentration of educational authorities in building up enough number of educational institutions, like schools, colleges and improving the worst ratio of women’s literacy rate.
Ironically, it is estimated that there are total 10,668 primary schools in overall Balochistan, just 7,819 for women. In term of high schools, women have got the lowest with 178 out of 665 and the men have 487 high schools. Same case is about colleges, there are 35 total degree colleges in Balochistan, out of which 24 are for men, and the ratio for women is extremely low with 11.
Hence, it is disheartening to hear that there are several rural areas, which don’t even possess any educational institution, consequently 90% of women are uneducated in Balochistan or they are far from blessings of education, so that they should remain equal generation to generation.
Apart from this, the security of teachers is leaving an impact and a threat in the province. Unfortunately, with the passage of time, this threat has rapidly grown in every corner of Balochistan. Therefore, it is reported that since 2008 to 2010, 22 teachers have been killed. On the other hand, another shameful act had amazed everybody in Balochistan.
There is no denying the facts that if someone doesn’t feel secure, how can he protects people future? However, the apathy of federal and provincial government in improvement women’s educational system is matter of a grave concern, and one of the major factors for province’s backwardness.
Lastly, the remedy for this issue is that teacher’s security should be given the utmost or highest priority. In order to eliminate the poor condition of women and fulfill the needs for creating well-developed educational institutions with quality education and teachers for women’s development, the provincial government should take steps on war footings.
Baloch, for the National Independence will struggle to organize a well central committee oriented front BSO-Azad
Bolan Voice Report
The third session of BSO-Azad has been held under the supervision of central Chairman Baloch Khan. In the session, the organizational curriculum reports, organization reforms, international and regional political situations and up-coming plans tactics were the most important discussion agenda. In the meeting it was pertinently mentioned that organization to be more organized, functional and resistance against the continuously barbaric policy of Pakistan and Iran in a revolutionary tactic, side by side other regional issues were discussed for an appropriate dissolution that BSO-Azad alongside all other organizations and parties will favor the coalition for the acquisition of independence politically and manifestos of all parties for struggle of national independence is important and acceptable. In the sight of BSO-Azad the proposed manifestos of independence is acceptable and keep equal importance. BSO-Azad alongside all political parties and organizations will tirelessly efforts for the achievement of independence in collaboration and for obtaining independence will organize a front union to struggle in occupied Balochistan against Pakistan’s parliamentary election and run an expedition of awareness among the public with get intense to be spread that Baloch nation on the basis physiologically and socially most not participate in voting fall through Pakistani and its political parties plots in order to bring the international focus towards movement of independence beside this in accord once with BSO- Azad’s 2010 central session 13 November to be commemorated as the day “Martyr day” will sustain and every year 13 November to be celebrated continuously. Every month, in accordance with Baloch National martyrs vision and philosophy to be lighted organizes references.
In the session of central committee it was decided that all members of central cabinet, and Unite hereby firmly keep responsibility despite bringing organizational antipathies to social and print media they must bring them to a discussion meeting of democratically bodies (Central Committee, zonal general body and unite body) and by their means to dissolve them politically and democratically that in order to allow organization to be avoided by disruptions and independent thoughts and let continued struggle into its completion functionally the nation independence according to the wishes of martyrs will perform its national responsibility. In the session, regional and international situation were descriptively discussed and further it was said that owing to the geographical and untapped resources importance worldwide most developed countries coming through accords with Pakistani and Iranian states to get benefits from significance of deprived Baloch Nation’s land to counter Baloch by applying their inhuman and immoral plots. America and China with the supplement of economic and military assists to Pakistan are alongside with it to fall through the struggle movement of independence of Baloch and knowing the internal and external polices of Pakistan despite by gaining their interests violating the charter of UNO and international laws.
Baloch Nation is well fully acknowledged that in international politics no one can be a permanent friend or enemy. The interests of international powers can never become in benefits of deprived nations, enemies like China and America for their economic and political interests are vividly ready for each other and in front of their gigantic interests Baloch cause of independence doesn’t has any significance because these capitalist states had always violating the norms of humanity and morality in the history and today as well voyaging in the same boat to be acknowledged by all such situations Baloch leaders and political parties persuading the movement of independence must be abreast of today’s scenarios and be solidified or to go through and organized planning to implement those tactics that make the struggle movement more organized and resistance and that be able to stand straightforward against the atrocities of capitalist and colonized states.
Baloch must not wait until for a miracle from international community though they must trust upon Baloch Nation and toil to fully organized struggle movement in order to get success. Coalition acts are needed to be improved for the defeating the enemy. They have told that if a National United front doesn’t arrange then enemy will be getting benefits from our disruption and will painfully be trying to fall through the independence movement and we more not able to go through the international sympathies. If today we don’t be united will resultantly we hunted by the disruption likewise or don’t sit together to dissolve the antipathies then these common political antipathies may be a big bottleneck to go through international assists and sympathies and undoubtedly allow us to be deprived. All organizational and national disputes to be dissolved through political means that let our movement struggle to be organized revolutionary and tactically against enemy and agents and consequents of aforementioned dissolutions let the struggle movement of independence sssstowards its destination successfully.
Global Warming affects the natural balance of environment. The world climate is going towards a significant change day by day. There are many causes of Global Warming. The destruction and burning down of tropical forests , traffic clogging up the city streets , rapid growth of unplanned industries, the use of CFCs in packaging and manufacturing products, the use of detergents etc. cause Global Warming. Besides, overpopulation, deforestation are the causative factors of Global Warming. The setting up of mills and factories in an unplanned way has a great effect on environment. These mills and factories produce black smoke which gets mixed with air and increases the amount of CO2.
Burning of Gas such as Methane (CH4) and fuel also increase CO2 in the environment, killing animals like birds, big cats, lions, tigers are also an alarming cause of Global Warming. The effects of Global Warming are very dangerous for our existence and survival. The sun’s scorching heat comes to earth in a direct way. Therefore, the earth’s surface becomes seriously heated. Agriculture, forestry and fishery is seriously be damaged. This can catastrophically reduce mankind’s ability to grow foods, destroy wildlife. Global Warming also cause sea-water to swell up.
All species are important for maintaining ecological balance. If one is lost, the whole natural environment changes. To prevent the dangerous effects of Global Warming necessary steps should immediately be taken.
People should not be allowed to cut off a tree which causes deforestation. Rather they should be advised and suggested to plant more and more trees in accordance with their capability and convenience. Forests also control the natural balance. People should be made aware of it. Mills, factories, brick-fields should be set up in a very good planned way. There should be well drainage system to pass away waste materials, wastages and poisonous chemicals.
The alarming world’s climate is very dangerous for mankind and ecological balance. Unless Global Warming is not controlled, no men, animals will be able to live, grow and thrive. So, we should try to maintain the ecological balance to decrease the effects of Global Warming and allow the environment to be preserved.
Salma Nazeer, Bolan Turbat
By Ejaz Aziz
It is not a denying fact that the free-handed law and enforcements, implementing personnel seem to be much committed in an inhuman genocide of the indigent people of Balochistan. it is disheartening that our nationalist leaders are just behind exorbitant pries, concessions and seats of federal and provincial cabinets for upcoming election. They are paying a deaf hear to the Gwadar port transference to the Chinese and further seem to be un-reluctant towards aggressive unrest followed by establishment’s operations in different districts of Balochistan including Panjgoor and its suburbs.
On 26th of February, a huge armed convey of frontier corps was seen heading to Panjgoor that few days later, launched its operation and slew an individual namely “Shaheed Saeed Baloch” and abducted more than 20 persons including president of BNM Panjgoor zone “Abdul Rehman Baloch”.
These incredible tragedies of killings and abductions are not new thing in Baloch history. Balochs are facing such atrocities from the scratch of Pakistani illegal acquisition over Balochistan, hideous act has undoubtedly fueled up the feelings of public against Pakistani establishment who not only violated the traditional jurisprudence of Baloch but also looted the precious luggage including Gold and valuables of martyr house and burnt it utterly which is not less then a yazidi act.
This sort of obnoxious act is being seen everywhere in Balochistan where is the voice of a destitute being given deaf hear. Currently, the increased atrocities from state machineries had taken the precious lives of almost 30 within duration of a month and persons missing have crossed hundreds. Therefore Baloch argues international agencies of the UN to take firm action against such violent actions of Pakistani establishment that committing the worst violations of human rights in the history of world.
Asia is the largest and most popular continent, it covers 8.7% (17,212,000 square miles) of the earth total surface area (or 30% of it land area) and with approximately 4.3 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world’s current human population. It is sub-divided into 48 countries 2 of them are (Russia and turkey) are having parts in Europe. Asia is the largest continent in the world by considerable margin and it is rich in forests, fishes, water, rice, petroleum, copper, silver etc and having the world major forests, rivers, deserts grasslands and many more natural resources, the world highest mountain peak (Mount Everest) is situated in Asia in Nepal.
Asia is the home to several languages, families, and many religions. Most Asian countries have more than one language that is natively spoken for example according to Ethnologists, more than 600 languages are spoken in Indonesia, more than 800 languages are spoken in India and more than 100 languages are spoken in Philippine. And for more information the religion of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originate in India, (South Asia). In East Asia Particularly in China and Japan Confucianism, Taoism and Zen Buddhism took shape. Buddhism has a great following in mainland southeast Asia and East Asia. Buddhism is the religion of majority of the population of Cambodia, 98% Thailand, 95% Burma, 89% Bhutan, 75% Sari Lenka, 69% and small communities in India and Bangladesh. How ever worlds largest Muslim community within the bond of one nation in Indonesia. South Asia mainly Pakistan, India and Bangladesh holds 30% of Muslims. There are also significant Muslim populations in China, Iran Malaysia, Southern Philippine, Russia and most of the west and central Asia. To move further, Rabindernaath Tagore was the first Asian who was awarded the Noble prize for literature in 1913 and become the first Asian Noble prize winner and also Mother Teresa of India and Shirin Ebadi of Iran were awarded Noble prize for their significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, especially the rights of women and children and Ebadi is the first Muslim and Iranian woman who received Noble prize. Si C V Raman is the first Asian to get a Noble prize at science; he won the Noble prize in physics. Simply Asia is a mixture of different languages, religions, civilizations, sects, dynasties and different temperaturized countries.
By: Adnan Ali Dashti
By Ahmed Khan
Entire globe population is almost about 7 billion and only China’s population is above than 2.5 billion. It is very large dense populated country and majority is of yellow race. Nourishment of this huge population is herculean task for state authorities.
In China, factories run in day and night shifts to produce cheap products with intention to occupy world markets and mainly objective is to keep employee running of its gigantic population. The economist claim that China mostly industries run on non-profit merely consumption of labor and earning sustenance of them without surplus value.
For running industry and generating production China needs raw-material which lacks or its huge population swallows all deposits and resources. In this regard she has to hunt here and there and pursuance crosses all limitation of humanism. In this way she is inclined toward expansion, especially fixed eyes on Balochistan, where Baloch Nation has vast land, rich with resources but population is small, and China is ravenous about this land.
In general, expansionism consists of expansionist policies of government and state. While some have linked the term to promoting economic growth (In contrast to no growth/sustainable policies), more commonly expansionism refers to the doctrine of a state expanding its territorial base or economical influence usually, though not necessary, by means of military aggression. Compare empire-building, colonialism irredentism, revenchism, “reunification” or pan-nationalism, but only when explicit goal is to re-conquer territories that have been lost, or to take over ancestral lands. A simple territorial dispute, such as a border dispute, is not usually referred to as expansionism.
Expansionist Nationalism is an aggressive and radical form of nationalism that incorporates autonomous, patriotic sentiments with a belief in expansionism. The term was coined in late nineteenth century as European power indulged in the ‘scramble in Africa’ in the name of national gory, but has been most associated with militarist governments during the 20th century including Nazi Germany and the Japanese empire. The American nation of manifest destiny is also oft-cited as an example.
The ideology that distinguishes expansionist nationalism from liberal nationalism is its acceptance of chauvinism, a belief in superiority or dominance. Nations are thus not thought to be equal to their right to self-determination; rather some nations are believed to possess characteristics or qualities that make them superior to others. Expansionist nationalism therefore asserts the state’s right to increase its borders at the expense of its neighbors.
In modern expansionism the capture or occupying territory isn’t utmost ingredient because restrictions of borders have been slackened due to globalization and communication tools invention. But these facilities became helpful to the powerful or expansionist states to extort resources and mineral of low-developed nations.
In Balochistan, exact example of this modern expansionism by China can be observed. Where she decades before by appeasement or giving political bribe to comprador explored Saindkok project of gold and copper and totally deprived local dwellers or indigenous heirs. Through this project China is getting a huge amount for its population by strangulating Baloch nation. Here she used military power too but indirectly Pakistani army, against provision of weapon or supporting this state beside stance of Kashmir opposite the India. The scrap goat is Baloch and being pressed like sandwich between countries and is being looted.
The second expansionist example of China is grabbing Gwadar port control in its hands. She wants to use it as gate to spectrum of routs to world markets occupied by its cheap products. Gwadar is military strategic point with stand it is trade window and China wants to occupy this key military strategic point and up its significance in world.
China has plot to lay railway track from Gwadar to its border Xiang and gestured its plane in media too via using tongue of Pakistani railway minister Mr. Bilore, he said they are intended to lay railway track from Gwadar to Chinese border via Mastung, Hawailian and Khanjerab. They will carry-out work on project while getting fund regarding this. The survey has been done for laying railway track on this rout and will be accomplished in duration of three years.
China through this railway track wanted to carriage its cheap products to Gwadar then by vessels to supply Middle East, Africa and Europe. While returning, load raw material of Saindak and expected RecoDiq too to carriage by same railway to China for processing or purification.
State of Pakistan is controlled by despotic, who only care of their interests, especially want to sell Balochistan in hands of international brokers. Now it got shape of stooge in the hands of international powers. Public is suffering the worst, Balochistan is affected most due strategic, minerals and Geo-politics. State of Pakistan governorship got totally shape of comprador for imperialists and easily can be hired.
Locally, coined by comprador and imperialist parties or politicians are also ever ready to support such project without presenting rational reason. National Party welcomed China’s control over Gwadar but how party can explain that China benefited Baloch in past, even plundered about Baloch resources. Possible these parties, leaders are releasing such statements for certainty of their seats in coming term assemblies otherwise no sincerity seems behind these schemes.
Up-till now Baloch nationalist resisting group honestly enacted and their sacrifices of lives is solid reason of their commitment with nation and land. They must come forth and take positive step about future of Baloch nation. And only they can be bank in front of Chinese modern expansionism in Balochistan. They already proved and protected Baloch by paying sacrifices of lives. On this juncture international also deem about Chinese expansions, otherwise religious other element will be fortified, and then will be avail of crying silted milk.
Education is the key for the development of any nation. The grassroots of that nation can go ahead they should be educated by the neat education, people gain achievement and will be will known about every field of life with out education no nation can run, it means that with out education no nation, education means knowledge to know about every thing it is a wonderful gift given by Almighty Allah. Even Hazrat Ali (RA) said that a blind person is not that who doesn’t have eyes a blind is that who does not have education.
Therefore, education is our third eye we must get education and give education to our sibling and to the youths of this poor nation. It is fairly clear that from words of a great human leader Mandiba that, education is the most powerful weapon which can change the world therefore education is every thing we learn to get knowledge of good and abysmal, of right and wrong we must try to get good education not abysmal one. By the good education people can obtain achievement and to get good respect in the society. If the will be educated then they will get respect, therefore respect is one of the foundation of paths and one of the pillars of ethic (Akhlak). Only the educated folks can know that how to get respect and how to give respect we should try to get education and give education to our new young generation they should be educated. For the sack of education they can run their nation. It last I want to say that…….
Oh, Almighty Allah gives me education that I should take out my words from my mind, and give me the pen that I should write on it the page of white and therefore, I should show my rights.
By Tahir Malangzai Baloch, Panjgoor
A person educates in mother tongue is much brainy: Abdul Jabbar Kakar (Editor Daily Zaland, (Pashtoo) Quetta)
21st February is international mother tongues day, in accordance with this day Bolan Voice has interviewed a linguistic and seasoned editor of daily of Pashtoo language newspaper.
Interviewed by Ahmed Khan (Blv stands for Bolan Voice and AJK Stands for Abdul Jabbar Kakar)
Blv: Please elaborate how languages came in being in human history?
AJK: As you know human came in being or was sent in the world, then it has been from phases of evolution. We have had two ways, one is religious faith and the second is Darwin’s theory. We don’t go in depth to mention assumptions but simply, when human learned walking and other arts, so it was propelled by nature to intricate will fellow people and at that time it had been in need of a language to communicate thoughts. First human become able to convey the messages to others and then these indications were developed into sounds which got shape of languages. That sounds were known as words and with passage of time developed into languages, to which today we are speaking.
Blv: Human folks have different languages and dialects; various terrains are divided into multi groups, how these happened?
AJK: History tells that human with evolution development doesn’t stay on a single locality, but travels one place to another. Some people suppose that Adam A.S (Islamic theory that first human in world sent by Divine) was born in Dajla or Moen-jo-daro, and likewise, afterward this specie number is growing, consequently they couldn’t live at single place but exodus to all directions and region, where it had affinity with different climate, circumstances, mode of production and people, resultantly odd codes and sounds were used for communication, hence this way various languages came in being. As concern dialect, so it is also linked with geography, suppose urban dwellers are erudite and educated, so they speak softly but populated in mountains speak sturdily and those factors change in dialects.
Blv: Please distinguish between mother-tongue and languages?
AJK: A human gets birth from abdomen of a mother and learns first word from her, so a mother-tongue is its entity and conscious. And human nature’s all limbs, like brain, heart etcetera embrace mother-tongue like a part of instinct, and there is no alternative of it in cosmos, eventually.
Language is communicative bunch of sounds or codes which we learn in young age, suppose Urdu, now we are speaking and other people also speak in Pakistan. English is also a language, internationally people speak to convey a message to opposite person, but these are not our mother-tongue. It is implicit that how much education or knowledge you get in any language, it never can be alternative of a mother-tongue. It is natural phenomenon that human what can conceive through the mother-tongue, never ever can gain via any language, and it is proved by science and educationalist, too.
Mother-tongue is your own and language is of others, but as requisition of time use it, for instance it is cold, so you wear coat or sweater and if it is hot you put it off. Similarly, on various occasions the various languages can be used but mother-tongue covers a great portion of human life and is part of instinct.
Blv: Globalization is affecting the regional languages, how it can be dealt?
AJK: Yes, it is affecting but tells me that how much you are doing for your languages. If you have edified your language as international world has done, then no problem, otherwise imbalance affects worst to undeveloped through this globalization.
Blv: Do you consider Globalization good or bad?
AJK: I consider globalization good, because we have attained numerous advantages from it, but globalization preserving a defect, in the world is by-polarized; one is very advanced in every field of life and second is much backward in all fields of life, and both are synchorize and compelled to run simultaneously even with negative impacts. Globalization would be better, if the entire world would be equal in fields of economy, education, defense, literacy and so on. As you said, it is influencing our regional languages, it is true, because they have all technology and they (European) are dominating on all the tools of media, like TV, Radio, Internet and like wise, as well as their economy is stronger than us, so they are affecting our regional languages. Suppose, English is a language and not more than this, though several countries, like Japan, Germany, Russia and others without using it got developed in its languages. But here unfortunately we couldn’t get developed in its languages, but here unfortunately we couldn’t get free from English psychologically, yet. It is obsessed here that Engineering, Doctor, Architect and other skills can be gotten only by English, which is totally wrong. In above discussed states English is being used as a language, but here in Pakistan, it has status of earning or criteria of jobs. Consequently, our regional languages are getting devalued and in up-coming times it is drastically cautions that average in week one or two languages will get extinct. Being Baloch, Pashtoon and other nations it is our responsibility to defend our languages from globalization impacts and struggle further for promotion of these.
Blv: Do you have any program or strategy to evade from repercussions on our languages?
AJK: Yes, Here our ruling class to which a declare remnant of English, and they are totally unaware from value and significance of mother-tongues. Because of these rulers, our languages are being influenced by outsiders. Our politicians on 21st February will emerge with processions and functions but next day they will be dormant about this topic till next year. In this way languages can’t be served, but for survival of identification, language and culture required industry and sincerity with tireless efforts. The irritancy shows are not enough in this regard.
Blv: Science tells that all particles are varying in evolution process, and with passage of time mode of production also got changed, therefore it affected languages too, you don’t think these changes ought to be embraced?
AJK: You are right, these things are to be adopted but as before I told that inventions are required interpret into our own languages. Suppose in Germany, Russia, Japan, and other countries are much advanced in technology field but they have brought innovation in their languages, too. In Germany, one of our friends spoke English, there was a native standing fought with him that why he spoke English, he replied “I’m a foreigner and don’t know German language”, then they let him to go. Means, they only speak English as a language, not as marketing or economical language. In those countries, it is out of question that you speak English.
Blv: In Russia, Germany and other countries many languages have extinct or small languages have merged into large?
AJK: Problem is this that how much you have worked on your language, and through TV, Radio, Internet and other such ways children can know better in their mother-tongue, have you provided them this facility? One thing is implicit that read as much but taste of reading is only in mother-tongue, and nowhere can you find if except this. If you watch speech on TV or other way in mother-tongues, hence it impacts you deep as compare to any other language. It is not my claim, but science proved it. If here official language, books, economy and other routine needs be used in mother-tongue or in regional languages then no way language will extinct, otherwise certainly will died-out. We are drastically backward economically, because of this worrying our language may not extinct. This factor is also true that languages are on the verge of extinction due to ignorance.
Language is not like a black-board that you erase it by a eraser. In Pakistan, for 65 years it is happening that ruling authorities have coerced the mother-tongue and think they will erase languages like inscription be eliminated from a black-board. It is proved by educationalists that a child educated in mother-tongue is wise than others. Now in examination cheating is common due to not educating in mother-tongue. A child goes to School but can’t grasp the lesson, so starts cramming, eventually starts cheating. Finally, the child must be educated in mother-tongue and educationalists also declared brilliant to educated in mother-tongue persons, it is not my claim.
Blv: How do you see the advancement of world toward a single or a centralized language, globally?
AJK: If entire world’s economy and other life departments would have equal, it was possible but now it can’t be. Will Russia allow its language be converted into English. Similarly, Germany, China, Japan and other countries will let for conversion its languages into others, no never they. Develop your own mother-tongue and only use English as a language. Here it is trend that enroll child in English Medium School and this way mother-tongues are being killed.
Blv: The economy is only reason of dominating any language or religion or something else can be?
AJK: Islam has revealed in era of Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH), but it couldn’t convert Iranian into Arabic similarly Baloch, Pashtoon and others couldn’t convert into Arabic.
Sure, effects are, but totally religion couldn’t convert us into Arabic, even Arab states have different identifications, like Syrian, Jordan, Egyptian, and etcetera. We are living in such region that our languages are not developed like Arabic, secondly Persian is also developed. I concede religion has impacted our languages and culture but if some one name is Balach and wearing Balochi cloth then doesn’t mean he is not Muslim. But it is also fine that wholly solely religion is reason.
Blv: How languages contribute its role in human folk’s economic lifespan?
AJK: Economy has great deal in languages fields, suppose here it is trend that when children grow to School age, parents instantly enrolls them in English Medium Kindergarten. What is reason behind this? Reason is this that English speaking states economy is sound and they are dominating on us, and their language is also prevailing here. In condition of industries existence, well developed agriculture and in other field of life, here’s people were not be reliant on European or English speaking state, so do not give priority to English more than your own mother-tongue Technology and industry are influencing regional languages due to lack or lagging in mentioned fields. English can only be used for international transaction other all ways are due to backwardness mainly economy and some others, too.
Blv: What status Marxism theory grants to languages?
AJK: Marxism is a theory, wants to keep alive even thrive of languages, culture, and custom so on, it never tended to demise of these. Look! Language isn’t only this to which you and I speaking, but it is linked with art, culture, literature, poetry, like-wise and Marxism never tended to vanish these at all. Tragedy is this that nowhere Marxism has been applied in world, the Russia also it was neither fish nor flesh but dubbed it with socialism and people also didn’t profoundly explore it, but capitalist brought it opposite of Islam as counter body. Marxism is a philosophy of economy; confers parity to all human. Today all problems are because of inequality; languages extinct, states assault on each other, wars and all calamities are born of economical unbalance. Eventually, Marxism theory causes flourish of language, but never decay.
Blv: How small factions are being exploited in language field, especially in province of Balochistan?
AJK: The state Pakistan since its formation day has not been in hand of genuine patriots but had gone in hand remnants of English, and they don’t know value of language, nation, culture, territory, literature and so on. Such people can be called English-minded and also don’t give importance to their own mother-tongue and speak English in offices and at home. Mentioned layer exploited all languages including Punjabi, which is considered dominant here. They from foremost day designed to erase languages as if these are inscribed script on black-board. Fact is this, the languages have centuries old history, and thus these can’t be wash-out in centuries. Alas! They would promote languages and culture, so Pakistan never would be alike today as it is. The new provinces issue why have roused, because their language, culture survival is on threats. If ruling authority were not scathe their languages and let them get education in mother-tongues, and Urdu only was let only as national language, so I take guarantee never such contention would rise.
Blv: Here for exploitation wasn’t used religion?
AJK: Of course, you are right, many tools were used for exploitation including religion and same methods were used against languages. Here in Pakistan, one proclaims my interpreted Islam is correct and second claim mine is true, but others are totally false; it is indicating that Islam is also not being used fairly but for interests. Tell me, Islam where injects to kill others by blast or by suicide attacks. Here, we don’t have dare to call spade a spade we are yoked. You get newspaper and see, only Mullah’s advertisements and statement have published, but before some years they had decreed that politics is taboo through Islam. Today, Islam is perilous in world. It means, our clerk never taught us true spirit of Islam, but only used for exploitation.
Blv: Tell us causes of languages extinction and in this region how many languages are about to extinct?
AJK: 6000 languages are being spoken in the world. Those, whose economy is the worst or didn’t give considerable concentration to their mother-tongues and didn’t get education in it, hence many languages are about to wash-out from face of earth. Those languages, which lacks literature, it haven’t got space in multimedia are also vanishing-out, like here Urdu, and English are dominating but other languages i.e Balochi, Brahvi, Pashtoo have no coverage. But Sindhi has got enough developed and it has larger print media than Urdu, electronic media is well developed and no doubt this nation worked too much on its own language. Simply, for safeguard of languages, it is utmost necessary that till primary children is to be educated in mother-tongues. Approximately within 10 days average of vanish-out languages are two.
Blv: What would be the pre-requisite roles of a mother-tongue for development of a nation?
AJK: We are leading lives in back-ward country and particularly some nations are leading tribal lives most pitiful, and lacking system of education, if the system is for elites it is English medium. The state authorities are responsible to bring modification in educational system for securing to mother-tongues; otherwise these all will wash-out. In past, we use to read Sheikh Saadi maxims in mother-tongue which are memorized till today. And in local languages are many prose, proverb and idioms which are required to be included in curricula. It has known that children only can adopt in School age and from here foundation must be strong. If child gets education in any other language, consequently it doesn’t be able to gain smoothly or easily, and the foundation of its life gets frail, and it is great coerce with it. In hubbub nation’s foundation can’t be fortified, which is needed to perceived by ruling class, otherwise we will be on same path and leading lives like animals without the civilization. Nation is lacking morality and it can be edified via folk stories, lull and like-wise which can on-track it on morality and civilization, the conclusion is this, the educational system has exterminated and not meeting requirements of nation.
Blv: As we know that after world-war-II, English is dominating language, so what are reasons it become so?
AJK: The dominant nation imposes its language and tradition by power or by promulgating its laws on others. But we had been subjugated by English and can’t get deliverance psychologically, yet. In Iran, totally things are in Persian and similarly in Afghanistan you find media, literature all in Pashtoo. They have got freedom physically and psychologically. Here in Pakistan, only five percent Pashtoons can speak Pashtoo purely, but in Afghanistan its ratio is totally hundred percent. The reason is this; they have got emancipated from English mentally and physically. Mother-tongue is need of human physically, traditionally, spiritually etcetera, but English is only a language.
Blv: In Balochistan, a secession movement has roused, do you think lingual exploitative behind it. And this movement can secure Balochi because Baloch is executing it?
AJK: In a family among the brother unbalance behaviors be practiced, consequently it turns into provocative clashes. Similarly, state is also combined inhabitance of heterogeneousness, where they live formulated pacts for barter objectively convenience. If these settled agreements don’t be practiced fairly, hence emerging of divulgences is naturally. In past, in this region, the sub-continent people reacted against British because of misdeeds and exploitation, so how nations recede from rights only declaring brother. The reaction of nationalities in Pakistan is rational, natural and according to ground realities and they never will be withdrawn from their natural rights. The Baloch is dominated and its anxiety or turmoil is valid because they haven’t treated as accords Baloch, Pashtoon, Sindhi and Punjabi are nationalities, which own to Pakistan and if someone comes from abroad as an agent of English, so that he/she can be coerced and unacceptable, because he isn’t a son of soil. Like in our Pashtoon, outsiders came and claimed for Sardar or Nawab, but they are not son of soil. We categorically say that people never can be tranquil unless their rights are given.
Blv: Can different dialects of a mother-tongue from a single language remove linguistic communication gapes?
AJK: The educationalists and intellectuals had compiled curricula to collaborate and it was taught in the days of Schools that the dialects have some resemblance or tiny differences among, as Mekurani spoke in different dialects and those who are settlers of NASSEER ABAD others, if a child has not been taught Balochi idioms, proverbs and stories, how would he/she be able to adopt Balochi accent or dialect, so somehow, it is appropriate to merge or understand the different dialects of a language to remove the gapes of communication in this era of modernization.
Blv: What are the impacts of using the terms of another language in someone’s own?
AJK: We haven’t developed our languages not to use the terms of others. An inventor occasionally gives name of the invented commodities of his/her own language, such as TV, so we are compelled to use the names of invented commodities in their languages. We don’t have sufficient economy to establish huge academies and experts to cogitate over it and create own names of these commodities. I think let it be called TV, computer etcetera, it will not effect alarmingly.
Blv: What role linguistics can play for the development of a mother-tongue?
AJK: Here in Balochistan we don’t have reader and writers, only Sindhi has. In Sindh, Sindhi people read in a large number and can write with a sufficient sphere, too. Our people have not been taught in mother-tongues that’s why local languages readers couldn’t thrive. Government is also behaving like a step-mother with local language papers. I commenced a Pashtoo paper and have seen it without government advertisements; even now they are not giving us to meet financial needs. If they give very insufficient that it neither keep us alive nor dead. Being Pakistani I need my right but these naïve don’t’ know importance of a mother-tongue just consider English is all. These relics of English are intruding with nations and its languages. The politicians also committed unjust with languages by suspension of education in mother-tongue which was commenced by Akbar Khan Bugti. Government must take initiatives for implementation of education in mother-tongues to child. This thought of vanishing languages out for a communal difference is totally wrong, albeit these must be promoted and to be brought on equal level, then no one will underhand of other as give respect each other. Slavery mind-set must be give-up now. Our local intellectual if writes book or any other material he/she might not be having money to publish it, if publishes, then has no reader, become compel to distribute it free of cost. Our provincial and federal governments are neglecting a language which is a sort of idiocy. I am intended, in ongoing year I will challenge that these languages have given due status in constitution but authorities opposing or got bureaucracy to oppose languages, the enemy of their freedom. They are embracing English but we never do this. We derived-out English from here that our culture and tradition were not secure. It is only possible that grant constitutional rights to people otherwise by power Hitlor couldn’t then who you are.
Blv: Please forecast future of languages in Pakistan?
AJK: The system of education exists to be changed and children should be educated in mother-tongues, but I am seeing dark future of languages in Pakistan and it seems me that they are advancing to their old master English. I met a professor in university, who was educated in mother-tongue in Bugti; he was prominent among others because of prudence, wit, knowledge and intellectual wisdom. It tells, mother-tongues make brilliant to a person. The attitude of authorities doesn’t seem me positive at all.
Bolan Voice Report
Central representative of Baloch National Movement in its statements has expressed ‘’state machinery intensified operation of forces in Balochistan to pave the way of election for conduction. In the pursuance of this task, state by its forces widened and intensified coercive activities. In Mashkey, operation is under process and abducting of people is continued. After torture on people the distribution of ration coaxing activities always has been part of strategy of occupant but Baloch never can be trapped by such enticing tricks.”
“Baloch Nation scorned slavery by rejecting the state puppet politician. This nation is constantly supporting their stalwarts who are engaged in struggling of deliverance and state forces are prosecuting Balochs for adoption this way justice. In Mekuran, Turbat, Panjgoor and other areas forces number has been increased, even unusual fleet of helicopters are being seen which implies that these equipments would be used for Baloch genocide in nearer future. Operations coerce, and distribution of ration and likewise numerous tactics can never cede Baloch.” Said the BNM representative
In BNM statement it is stated that Baloch Nation rejected state agent politicians, elections and subjugation onward, resultantly forces are conducting grim operation and torturing to masses, and in follow-up distributing food stuff among people with intention to persuade them to come polling stations, but all these tricks will go in vain. Baloch political workers struggle and sacred blood sacrifices only mean is the deliverance of motherland nothing else. Baloch National Movement all zones workers to preach door to door for making aware about this, and they foil all plots of occupant.”
By Tariq Baloch
Baloch Human Right Organization (BHRO) protested against security forces for operation in Pirkano (Mastung) in front of Quetta press club. Protestors were holding banners and place-cards inscribed with demands for stoppage of Human Rights violation activities and operation against Balochs and sacrilege of “Chadar and Char Diwary” by forces in Balochistan.
Baloch Human Rights activists gathered in front of Quetta press club to register their protest, where speakers also delivered speeches to gathering and media-men. Speakers in their discourses said, “Security forces carried an operation in Mastung at Pirkano an outskirt village of Mastung and martyred Abdul Rasheed Baloch and Shahjhan Baloch, while family member including women and injured ones were taken by forces. The security institutes such act are denounced and required to be inquired because by now females also are not exempted tyrannies. Subjecting to females is the worst level of Human Rights violation”. They said.
Speakers further said, “During Maskey operation women and children were subjected and in follow-up in Mastung operation same practices are repeated. Human Rights defender organization must break their silence and must take strict notice of Human Rights abuses against Baloch”. They demanded.
Baloch Human Rights organization’s Karachi wing also conducted precession in front of Karachi Press club to hoist voice against Pirkano operation the participant of procession were holding banners and palace- cards inscribed with demands to world for taking notice of martyrdom of Balochs abduction of youth, torture on Baloch women and innocent children and Human Rights violation in Balochstan. Various inscriptions were against media’s partial role which they showing apathy about Baloch issue. The protestors chanted slogan against Mastung operation.
Adding further speakers told, “The recent operation in Pirkano (Mastung) is the organ of ongoing series of prosecution on Baloch. Prior to this, in Mashkey, a massive operation bombardment was carried-out which left behind several Baloch women and children with males dead and it is continuing and there inhabitants houses are being set to fire. In previous days forces onslaught the areas Kandri of Mashkey, where they targeted civil population and loses were resulted. Throughout Balochistan forces in large number are deploying, due to this civilian population in panic”. Speakers blamed.
“In Balochistan operations and Human Rights violation by forces are common at daily basis but international organizations including United Nation’s criminal silence about Baloch are like guilt. Media ignorance to Baloch issue is also negation of justice with Human species and biased entity of these. If justice provider organizations attitude remained same toward Baloch, Then it is natural phenomenon that situation will sneak worsen to worst”. Speakers warned.
By Ahmed Khan
On 30th January 2013, in Federal Cabinet meeting the past tradition was repeated about Balochistan and Pakistan People’s Party made a ladder to plunder Baloch resources. Federal Cabinet decided to transfer control of Gwadar port to China as it was expected. The discussed port was being operated by a company of Singapore.
Pak-Iran Gas pipe-line project is given to Iran for what she proposed to Pakistan. In back dates America and regional nationalists are opposing it but China and Pakistan’s establishment plan to counter discussed states interests. And these projects handing-over to antagonistic states of America means influence her for Afghan policy and Balochistan issue.
The Gas-Pipeline project granting has overt sectarian violence causes in Balochistan, too. Arab states or American allies don’t digest presence or hegemony of Iran in Balochistan so they are using sectarian tools to detent from involvement and targeting her fellow sect people. It seems state authorities due to conferring in past and presently, too are reluctant to put hand on perpetrators.
Past experiences entails that in Balochistan and Afghanistan international powers played a great game by using religion card and Mujahidin were brought and created locally, too. Once again players using dice of sects in Balochistan. It is obvious, million people both sides of border lost their lives, but against this a specific layer grabbed dollars. Same actions are being repeated by ground sectarian in Balochistan.
Hundreds of people were killed spitefully in Balochistan, especially in Quetta to block the ways to Iran. These incidents have also clandestine to dissuade Iran, too step-back in Balochistan.
Other hand, shrewdly such situations were created to impose governor rule in Balochistan and under the clad of this no one gets any chance to buzz against handing-over province resources to China and Iran. A sect was repressed and made them to demand centralized and pro-establishment rule.
The Gwadar Port functionalize, particularly controlled by China isn’t in interested to Gulf-states which are situated in neighboring of this port. Those states trade and trans-ship will be spoiled through which they are earning. These Arab States are in alliance of America.
In Balochistan, already separatist movement is on-going and enough disturbed state. The main department, army brought major changes in its policy and new chapter in its doctrine to counter these elements that are vary to China and Iran. The opponent states of these projects can get these as common rivalry; resultantly on going turmoil will be interfiled more.
The nationalists or heirs are being pressed-down by huge force that these can’t maneuver against dominant power. Other hand, so called nationalist parliamentarian parties have been made engage in election campaign or gluttonous of wealth and incentives, so they are totally made strange from this that that is exploiting Balochistan’s resources.
From these plots’ mean giving control of Gwadar port to China and Gas-pipeline to Iran, the establishment wants get sustenance from Balochistan’s resources and appease imperialists, too by throwing Baloch land in her sack for its prolong life.
People’s party is going to complete its tenure of ruling within few months, but at last as its history has been used by establishment in Balochistan and giving control of Baloch resources to those states which Baloch nationalist consider foes.
By: Mahjabeen Kifayat
The Balochistan is a land rich of natural resources. The surveyor, Geologist and Mining Engineer’s explored about 32 types of minerals in Balochistan; some of those found minerals are copper, gold, limestone, uranium, silver, natural gas, coal, choromite, gypsum etc.
The main places of Baluchistan where natural resources have been discovered are Rckodiq, Saindak, Sui, Bolan Chamalang, Quetta etc .The word saindak (siaheen dik) in Baluchi means black rock. The locality of saindak is located in the corner of Baluchistan in chagi, it is about 1540KM far from Karachi, 650km far from Quetta, saindak is about 18km and 40km from Iran and Afghanistan respectively. It is 40km far from Taftan Balochistan.
The first geological survey was carried in1961, and 1972-1973 resultantly, estimations affirmed a large amount of copper and gold are found in south, east and north in saindak .in 1991 -1995 MCC (Metallurgical construction company) initiated its work in south and open a pit mine in 1995 work started under Chinese experts, in 1996 the project has been shut down due to the financial problems.
In 1999 federal government decided to restart the project of mine, that’s way they signed a agreement with MCC(Metallurgical construction company) for a period 10 years that was finished in 2012, but five year more have been extended in this agreement freshly.
The MCC (Metallurgical Construction Company) gives 0.7million annually to the govt. of Baluchistan. The high grade of copper is 0.46% and low grade is 0.39%.
5760000 tons copper is being exploited from saindak in one year, 16000 tons in one day from this concentration the pure copper is being obtained is merely 250tons, which totally become 7500 tons per month and the concentration of gold is predominantly 29g in one ton of gold, monthly 870g and 10440g yearly is the predominant figure, where is the concentration of silvery concerned in entice deposit of Saindak around 3839g in one ton. After purification and pulverization, process monthly obtained Silver is 410g and 13320g nearly respectively. Totally 75000ton copper for a month and 90000ton copper for a year exploited from the Saindak. The concentrate of gold in one ton is 29gram .870gram gold monthly and 10440gram gold yearly exploited from saindak Baluchistan and also the concentrate of Silver in one ton is 3839gram. Monthly 410gram silver and yearly 13320gram silver exfoliated from the saindak.
The main target of company is to Blister copper; annual production of copper blistering is nearly 15810tons. 1.47tons gold 2.70ton and silver. The people of Baloch land and owner of saindak Baloch people waiting and struggling for a new rising sun after that they will be able to use our resources and pass a bright life in our land.
Events of 2011:
Pakistan had a disastrous year in 2011, with increasing attacks on civilians by militant groups, skyrocketing food and fuel prices, and the assumption of near-total control of foreign and security policy by a military that operated with complete impunity. Religious minorities faced unprecedented insecurity and persecution. Freedom of belief and expression came under severe threat as Islamist militant groups murdered Punjab Governor Salmaan Taseer and Federal Minorities’ Minister Shahbaz Bhatti over their public support for amending the country’s often abused blasphemy laws. Pakistan’s elected government notably failed to provide protection to those threatened by extremists, or to hold the extremists accountable.
In August and September the southern province of Sindh experienced massive flooding for the second year running, displacing some 700,000 people. Pakistan’s largest city, Karachi, suffered from hundreds of targeted killings perpetrated by armed groups who are patronized by political parties.
Security continued to deteriorate in 2011, with militant and sectarian groups carrying out suicide bombings and targeted killings across the country. The Taliban and affiliated groups targeted civilians and public spaces, including marketplaces and religious processions. Ongoing rights concerns include the breakdown of law enforcement in the face of terror attacks, a dramatic increase in killings across the southwestern province of Balochistan, continuing torture and ill-treatment of criminal suspects, and unresolved enforced disappearances of terrorism suspects and opponents of the military. Abuses by Pakistani police, including extrajudicial killings, also continued to be reported throughout the country in 2011.
Relations between Pakistan and the United States—Pakistan’s most significant ally and its largest donor of civilian and military aid—deteriorated markedly in 2011, fueled by a diplomatic crisis over a CIA contractor killing two men at a Lahore traffic junction and the US’s killing of al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.
Conditions markedly deteriorated in the mineral-rich province of Balochistan. Human Rights Watch documented continued “disappearances” and an upsurge in killings of suspected Baloch militants and opposition activists by the military, intelligence agencies, and the paramilitary Frontier Corps. Baloch nationalists and other militant groups also stepped up attacks on non-Baloch civilians, teachers, and education facilities, as well as against security forces in the province. Pakistan’s military continued to publicly resist government reconciliation efforts and attempts to locate ethnic Baloch who had been subject to “disappearances.” The government appeared powerless to rein in the military’s abuses.
Human Rights Watch recorded the killing of at least 200 Baloch nationalist activists during the year, as well as dozens of new cases of disappearances. The dead included Abdul Ghaffar Lango, a prominent Baloch nationalist activist, and Hanif Baloch, an activist with the Baloch Students Organisation (Azad).
Since the beginning of 2011, human rights activists and academics critical of the military have also been killed in the province. They include Siddique Eido, a coordinator for the nongovernmental Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP); Saba Dashtiyari, a professor at the University of Balochistan and an acclaimed Baloch writer and poet; and Baloch politician Abdul Salam. Three employees of the BGP Oil and Gas company were killed and four injured in an attack in eastern Balochistan in September; the Baloch Liberation Army, a militant group, claimed responsibility for the attack.
Across Pakistan attacks took place against Shia and other vulnerable groups. Sunni militant groups, such as the supposedly banned Lashkar-e Jhangvi, operated with impunity even in areas where state authority is well established, such as the Punjab province and Karachi. On September 19, 26 members of the Hazara community travelling by bus to Iran to visit Shia holy sites were forced to disembark by gunmen near the town of Mastung and shot dead. Three others were killed as they took the injured to a hospital. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi claimed responsibility. On October 4, gunmen riding on motorbikes stopped a bus carrying mostly Hazara Shia Muslims who were headed to work at a vegetable market on the outskirts of Quetta, Balochistan’s capital. The attackers forced the passengers off the bus, made them stand in a row, and opened fire, killing 13 and wounding 6.
In 2001 Aasia Bibi, a Christian from Punjab province, became the first woman in the country’s history to be sentenced to death for blasphemy. She continued to languish in prison after the Lahore High Court, in a controversial move, prevented President Asif Ali Zardari from granting her a pardon in November 2010. High-ranking officials of the ruling Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) called for her release and the amendment of section 295(C) of Pakistan’s penal code, otherwise known as the blasphemy law. However, the government succumbed to pressure from extremist groups and dropped the proposed amendment.
Ruling party legislator Sherry Rehman, who tabled the amendment, received multiple public death threats in the face of government inaction. On January 4 Punjab Governor Salmaan Taseer was assassinated by a member of his security detail for supporting the amendment. On March 2 Federal Minister for Minorities Shahbaz Bhatti was shot dead for the same reason. While Taseer’s alleged assassin was arrested on the spot, the government reacted to the murders by seeking to appease extremists rather than hold them accountable. Emboldened extremists exploited the government’s passivity by intimidating minorities further, and the year saw an upsurge of blasphemy cases and allegations. Minorities, Muslims, children, and persons with mental disabilities have all been charged under the law.
Members of the Ahmadi religious community also continue to be a major target for blasphemy prosecutions and are subjected to specific anti-Ahmadi laws across Pakistan. They also face increasing social discrimination, as illustrated by the October expulsion of 10 students from a school in Hafizabad, Punjab province, for being Ahmadi. In November, four Hindus, three of them doctors, were killed in an attack by religious extremists in the town of Shikarpur in Sindh province, sending shockwaves through the minority community.
Mistreatment of women and girls—including rape, domestic violence, and forced marriage—remains a serious problem. Public intimidation of, and threats to, women and girls by religious extremists increased in major cities in 2011.
In a disappointing development, the government failed to honor its commitment to reintroduce the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Bill, unanimously passed by the National Assembly in August 2009, but lapsed after the Senate failed to pass it within three months as required under Pakistan’s constitution. In April the Supreme Court upheld a 2005 ruling by the provincial Lahore High Court acquitting five of the six men accused of the gang-rape of Mukhtar Mai, a villager from Muzaffargarh district in Punjab province, who was raped on the orders of a village council in 2002.
Freedom of Media:
At least six journalists were killed in Pakistan during the year. Saleeem Shahzad, a reporter for the Hong Kong-based Asia Times Online and the Italian news agency Adnkronos International, disappeared from central Islamabad, the capital, on the evening of May 29, 2011. Shahzad had received repeated and direct threats from the military’s dreaded ISI agency. Shahzad’s body, bearing visible signs of torture, was discovered two days later on May 31, near Mandi Bahauddin, 80 miles southeast of Islamabad. Following an international and domestic furor caused by the murder, a judicial commission was formed within days to probe allegations of ISI complicity. On August 9 Human Rights Watch testified before the commission. At this writing the commission had not announced its findings.
Earlier, on January 13, Geo TV reporter Wali Khan Babar was shot and killed in Karachi shortly after covering gang violence in the city. On May 10 Tribal Union of Journalists President Nasrullah Khan Afridi was killed when his car blew up in Peshawar; the provincial information minister described the act as a “targeted killing by the Taliban.” On August 14 thugs killed onlinenews agency reporterMunir Ahmed Shakir after he covered a demonstration by Baloch nationalists in the Khuzdar district, Balochistan. On November 5 the body of Javed Naseer Rind, a sub-editor with the Urdu-language Daily Tawar, was found with torture marks and gunshot wounds in the town of Khuzdar in Balochistan province. He had been missing since September 9.
A climate of fear impedes media coverage of military and militant groups. Journalists rarely report on human rights abuses by the military in counterterrorism operations, and the Taliban and other armed groups regularly threaten media outlets over their coverage.
Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry and the provincial high courts effectively muzzled media criticism of the judiciary in 2011 through threats of contempt of court proceedings, as has been the case since Pakistan’s independent judiciary was restored to office in 2009. In a positive development, journalists vocally critical of the government experienced less interference from elected officials than in previous years.
Key International Actors
The US remained Pakistan’s most significant ally and was the largest donor of civilian and military aid to Pakistan, but relations deteriorated markedly in 2011. A major diplomatic crisis erupted on January 27 when Raymond Davis, a CIA contractor, shot two men dead at a Lahore traffic junction. While the US maintained that Davis had diplomatic immunity, Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry disputed the claim. Davis was released on March 16 after US$2.4 million was paid in “blood money” compensation to the victims’ families under the country’s controversial Islamic law.
Further strains developed after a successful US operation in the city of Abbotabad killed al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. In July the US announced it was withholding some $800 million in military aid to Pakistan. Relations deteriorated still further over Pakistan’s allegedly persistent support for “Haqqani network” militants, a group US officials accused of targeting the US Embassy and US troops in Afghanistan.
In October 2010 the US sanctioned six units of the Pakistani military operating in the Swat valley under the Leahy Law. That law requires the US State Department to certify that no military unit receiving US aid is involved in gross human rights abuses and, when such abuses are found, they are to be thoroughly and properly investigated. Despite pledges, Pakistan did not take any action in 2011 to hold perpetrators of abuse accountable as required under the law. In several instances in Swat, Balochistan, and the tribal areas, US aid to Pakistan appeared to continue to contravene the Leahy Law.
As tensions increased between the US and Pakistan, neighboring China repeatedly expressed support for Pakistan. Relations between Pakistan and nuclear rival India remained tense, although in a significant move Pakistan granted its larger neighbor “Most Favored Nation” trade status in November.
By Ejaz Aziz
Republic of Mali is a landlocked country in west Africa, bordering by Algeria to North, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso and Coted’lvoire to the South, Guinea to the South-West and Senegal and Mauritania to the west, its capital is Bamako Mali has been ruled by French once till 1960, that declares the Miserable of Malian people from past.
Historical Background of Mali:
By 1905, most of the area was under the firm French control as a part of French Sudan. In early 1959, French Sudan changed its name to the “Sudanese Republic” and Senegal United to become the Mali federation and Mali federation gained independence from French on 20th June 1960, Senegal then withdraw from the federation in august 1960, which allowed the Sudanese Republic to become the independent republic of Mali on 22nd September 1960.
Modibokeita, was elected as the first president, later established a one party state with extensive nationalization of economic resources. Later on 19th November 1986, following progressive economic decline compelled the regime of Keita be overthrown by a Military crop led by Moussa Traore, the day is being celebrated as the liberation day of Mali now, this subsequent military-led regime attempted to reform the economy, however, his efforts were frustrated by political turmoil’s and devastating drought between 1986 to 1974, has lost nearly the lives of thousands of people.
In the late 1970s, the Traore regime faced an uprising of frustration from students that lasted until late 1980s, the dissidents become utterly dissatisfied by each passing day and demand for a multi-party democracy, that let Traore regime allowed some limited political liberalization and he didn’t went to implement a full fledged democratic system in the country. In 1990, cohesive opposition movements began to emerge and complicated by the rising ethic violence in the North by the return of many Taurege to Mali.
On 22nd march 1991, a massive group called for pro-democracy rallies and many mass demonstrations angrily has been recorded by the students of universities, later, Traore declared a state emergency and imposed a nightly curfew and estimated lost of more than 300 lives has reported in four days and this continuity of turmoil was brutal in its original face, it was called as march revolution, the light of march revolution switched on fully, when lieutenant colonel AMADOU TOUMANI TDURE, announced on the radio that he had arrested the dictatorial president,.
The opposition parities and political groups met to draft a new democratic constitution in an accord, after the arresting of Traore to be approved by a national referendum. In 1992, mluti-party presidential election has been held, ALPHA DUMAR KONARE was Mali’s first democratic president and re-elected for a second term in 1997, as well, later, in 2002 Amadou Toumani Toure, who was a retired general of the military in 1991, was elected as the president, during his period Mali was regarded as one of the most politically and socially stable countries in Africa.
Another problem that is much serious in Mali is slavery that persists in Mali today to peril at on the roads of deprivation with a gigantic number of people that is nearly 200,000 held in direct servitude to masters.
In march military officer Amadou sanogo seized power in coup d’état by citting AMADOU toumani failures in quelling the rebellion, undoubtedly, this uncertain environment of desperation has been predicted by a mathematician, Dioncounda traore (on the behalf of sanogo’s request) who decided to request assistance from the former colonial power, French, later on French with its open arms deployed its ground troops in January is accompanying by fighter jets, modern weapons and 2,500 troops, after hearing that MNLA has hastily taken control of the north, declaring independence as AZAWAD, however, Islamist groups including Ansar dine, Al-Qaeda in the Islamisc maghrib (AQIM) assisted MNLA and wanted to implement Islamic Sharia and law in areas that are under controls.
Current situations in Mali:
The current absurd situation in various city of Mali are worsen and irreparable by the outbreak of French troops intervention, voiced by the united states, Canada, Britain, Belgium, Germany and Denmark, in order to reinforce the French battalions in destruction of anti-government fighters. This turmoil occurred last April in Mali which has so for sent nearly 144,500 refugees fleeing to neighboring countries, Mauritania, Niger, Burkina Faso and Algeria, while another 230,000 people are entirely displaced, according to the UN humanitarian agency.
French declares its intervention means to rescue and protect the civilian by the advancement of anti-government fighters. The Northern Mali conflict has recently began in January 2012, by a taurege rebellion led by the NMLA (NATIONAL MOVEMENT FOR THE LIBERATION OF AZAWAD) as for as the civilian right is concerned, human rights watch has called for an investigation into the alleged reprisal killings of civilians by French-backed Malian troops, the African office of the right groups has also emphasized on French forces to minimize their atrocities against civilian.
So here is the burning questions arise….
Is it possible to intervene in Mali but not in Myanmar, Palestine and Assam to protect the civilian against alleged atrocities from tyranny? What would be the pivotal interests of French and foreign community to stave off the groups who want to impose Islamic law and Sharia?
Is that historically true that Mali is a country with tapped and untapped minerals and resources, oil, gold, and uranium? This might not be the consequences that Mali becoming a blood shed country, if yes so, what does intervention means for?
The military campaign by French troops and Mali army started their targets to many anti-government bases and there have been many claims on “TV” of retaking the controls of the areas which were firmly under the assumption of Islamist rebels.
The predictable out come of this intervention seems to be more disgusting that in order to protect the citizen, the French may forget to immediately rushes to secure the deposits of Gold, oil and Uranium. Realistically speaking, all these countries have moved with lighting speed to enter in Mali perhaps with there separate interests. I wonder, when I got the news that the French ground troops are ready to battle rebels in Mali, remain until security is restored and “terrorist” eliminated, “French president Francois Hollande speaking in Dubai, afterward as witness reported on 15th January 2013, hundreds of Malian and French troops in armored vehicles have been seen headed to Diablay which was seized by Islamists fighters earlier to be driven out from it by the initiation of offensive campaign against them. Diabaly which is 400 km north of the capital Bamako the same sort of scenarios have been repeated in GAO, the largest town seized by anti-government fighters also and in other places with political instability, on 3 January blast has been reported on Islamists basis at Kidal and in Khona can not be forgotten with much uncertainty as well.
Since last year, a degree of international attention is being forced on Mali, where two third of the county amid a separatist Tauarege rebellion (Islamists rebels) complicating and increasing out by the assistance of Al-Qaeda, Wahabist groups and rebellion groups.
If we want to allow ourselves for a while to be a breasted with history, then we can came to know about the Malian past comprehensively, the movement for oneness and jihad is being repeatedly rehashed by the Islamic activities who are behind to improved Islamic law and Sharia, telling the residents that Sharia is the road to happiness and to heaven by their black signs with white lettering posted on walls there still continuing since French and Malian troops arrived to resist the Malian affected areas, Gao, Diabaly, Niano, Kidal, and Timbuktu.
The key element in the Malian rebellion, meanwhile is the National movement for the libration of AZAWAD (MNLA) a Tauareg organization that has fought along side the Islamists, as for as the Islamists rule in Mali is concerned since last April, there are some bitter memories of human violence occurred such as, the Islamists cut off Algalass maoutkel-warata’s right hand on December 30 after a report that he had stolen a mattress, a radio journalist who reported on the incident, Abdul Malick Maiga, was so badly beaten by Islamists. What sort of bitter memories these are, present in a perfect and peace path-leading law or sharia?
The US has been engaged in this counter-terrorist as an intervention of staving off the rebels has disclosed and came as a surprise in July when three US commandos ended up dead in the Niger river after plugging of a bridge in Bamako included three women accompanying the troops were identified as Moroccan prostitutes. It means, not only French was about intervene and raze the Islamists but the US was as well.
The question remains to be answered, Is at a gigantic vulnerability to the Western European and 6,000 French expatriates in Bamako to be in endanger by each passing day that French, the US, UK and other supporters in this intervention have come to a result that attempt to be taken immediately in order to diminish the rebellion groups as soon as possible?
A major group of anti-government activists were earnestly against Malian regime since last year, was undoubtedly accompanying by “Movement for oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) Al-Qaeda linked groups and the extremists from Libya as well.
These all queries mean to clarify some ground secrets that are palpating in our minds to come for a conclusion that why such a violent miscarries being committed in that areas. I want to leave all the above asked questions to the readers.
Why the French troops, the US, and other countries want to intervene to resist and pledge troops for the countries like Mali? They perhaps see some deep interests there and don’t want to intervene in countries where the brutal human violations have been reported such as, in Myanmar, Palestine and Assam. Apparently, the answers of all questions erupt with the gesture of a hand “Yes” the interventions mean, persuading the big interests of having control over majority of the countries and to be “SUPER POWER” which often feel as a nightmare.
Bolan Voice Report
The central representative of Baloch Student Organization (Azad) via press release stated that Gwadar Port’s control given to China, IPI Gas pipeline and RecoDiq agreement alteration are indicating future’s rapid variation in regional Politic and Balochistan’s Geo politics has key importance in territorial affairs, consequently state of Pakistan is using this for maintaining its vulnerable image. The Baloch was pushed in siege in all ways of economy and suddenly all agreement signing testifying the colonizer that Pakistan is considering it as conquered territory, hence without caring the interest and without consents of Baloch making pacts with international powers.
The political scenario of Balochistan is representing target killing of political workers, sectarian violence and agreement to plunder Baloch resources. Baloch Nation in the modern age of 21st century is facing human rights abuses, lack of basic needs of life and starvation. On the other hand, those who are wailing on imposition of governor rule they never voiced-up for oppressions for 65 years on Baloch Nation. Balochistan has been ruled by fake representatives ever; the so called religious and democratic agents from Musharraf regime to date more than five and half mutilated thrown bodies of Baloch political workers have but now for prolonging their series of loot are noising.
The Baloch political workers created gleamed history by paying sacrifice of lives, which were killed by target killing and other ways, and thousand of Baloch have gone missing who are still enduring. These politicians neither performed their duties regarding this human issue; neither have they expose which secret hands are involved in these grim acts. These politicians with others remained engage in looting Balochistan’s resources, and now they have bought palaces in London, Paris and so on, but they never cared of common Baloch fate. Today package teachers are sitting on strike in front of Quetta Press Club, whose lives are terrible. These are solid evidence of misdeed fraudulent politicians.
Baloch Nation attentively grasps the upcoming situations and mentally including physically to be standby dealing future’s political variations of Balochistan. In this regard national unity, consensuses development in thoughts, putting aside to differences in great interest of nation and make concurrences in ideology is mandatory. Baloch Nation must be on distance from political jugglers in Balochistan, because these fraudulent politicians who during last five years had never lifted voice against human rights violation, throwing of mutilated and other unjust, but now they are stimulating people to protest for them to get their remaining share.
Baloch Student Organization representative denounced conducted operations of forces in Mungochar, Mastung, and Besima. In Mungocher forces raided on innocent Baloch houses and looted valueables and martyred Younis Baloch and other whilst arrested several Balochs. Forces have sacrilege “Chadar and Char Diwari” in Mungochar operation, blamed in statement.
In organization statement it is narrated that Pakistan and Iran signed gas pipeline project, which will be laid in Balochistan and these both states have committed crime against Baloch and presently are committing genocide of nation. These discussed states always plundered Baloch resources by force and this project is series of same coerces.
Further in organization statement entailed that Pakistan has given control of Gwadar Port to China. In fact, Pak-China friendship base on plunder of Baloch resources. Pakistan is conferring Baloch resources to international exploitive powers with intention to get assistance of those powers against Baloch Movement and success in Baloch genocide. China is that country which already has enjoyed Baloch resources mush and striving to further plunder more, and Gwadar project handing over is an organ same pillage series.
BSO in its statement said that Dr. Malik is procreated politician and by gained incentive of Pakistan is inviting Baloch insurgent for participation in elections, because he is worried about his failure. The Baloch Nation is standing with Baloch Movement which denied from Pakistan elections.
Thousands of Baloch women, children and elderly took part in a rally on Saturday against the military operations, kill and dump and ‘criminal silence of International media’ on gross human rights violations in Balochistan and the silence of UN and other international human rights organisations on Baloch Genocide.
Kareema Baloch, the vice chairperson of the BSO-Azad, led the parade from Degree College Turbat to Fida Shaheed square, where a sit-in was staged. The rally then headed towards Boys College where it took a shape of huge demonstration. The rally participants chanted the slogans in support of free Balochistan and Baloch pro-freedom forces. The participants were waving flags of Balochistan and their respective parties.
The participants of rally strongly criticized the international media for their criminal silence on ‘Baloch Genocide’ by Pakistan. A Baloch woman held a placard which read: “BBC and VOA STOP IGNORING BALOCH GENOCIDE,” They also condemned UN for its coldness about Balochistan situation.
Several hundred Baloch from Mand, Balecha, Dasht, Turbat, Shapok, Hoshaap, Keesak and other areas of Balochistan participated in the rally which was headed by vie chairperson of BSO-Azad, Kareema Baloch.
Speaking to the participants of the rally, Kareema Baloch said: “The Baloch nation is resisting for a free state from past many decades. Thousands of Baloch have already laid their lives whereas thousands are still suffering in torture cells. Despite all these atrocities the international media has criminally remained silent. UN, which has taken notice of human rights violations against Congo, Palestine, and Kosovo, is also ignoring the Baloch genocide by Pakistan and Iran.”
She further said that state and the so-called Pro-Pakistan Baloch nationalists are planning to start a massive military offensive in Balochistan to pave the ground for upcoming Pakistani elections. The operations in Mashkay, Gebun, Mastung and Mangochar, she said, were also carried out please these pro-Pakistan Baloch parties.
“The Baloch nation should boycott the ‘traitors’ and Pakistani electoral process, because these elections are to strengthen and legitimise the occupation of Balochistan,” said Kareema Baloch.
She added that the state of Pakistan failed to defeat the Baloch struggle by arming the drug dealers and other convicted criminal, and now it was using so-called Baloch nationalists politicians against the Baloch national struggle. “These attempts of the state will also fail and the drawn of freedom is inevitable in Balochistan,” Ms Baloch said.
She alleged BNP-Mengal, National Party and BNP-Awami were hands in gloves with Pakistan and were equally responsible for Baloch genocide. She requested the Baloch nation to hold these parties accountable for their deeds.
Miss Mahdem Baloch, Qandeel Baloch and Ruzhn Baloch also addressed the procession and urging the international media to break their silence on Baloch genocide.
(Courtesy to Balochwana.com)
Reviewed by Bina Shah
A collection of essays, Confronting the Bomb: Pakistani and Indian Scientists Speak Out, edited by Pervez Hoodbhoy focuses on the ramifications — political, historical, and moral — of the nuclear bomb in India and Pakistan. Essays by dissident Indians and Pakistani scientists outline how, while the rest of the world has recognised both the futility and fatality of the nuclear arms race, the politicians, generals, and oligarchs of India and Pakistan have yet to realise that amassing bombs in the region can only lead to disaster, not military triumph. Hoodbhoy recognises the controversial nature of such a project, as he warns his readers in the introduction that “this will not be a popular book,” but it is an absolutely necessary one.
In the prologue to the book, John Polyani, who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1986, delivers the unequivocal message in his preface that nuclear bombs are a man-made plague on the earth; while Hoodbhoy in his introduction describes how Pakistan acquired the bomb for deterrence but continues to milk it like a cash cow, threatening Western countries that if they don’t continue to bail Pakistan out financially, our weapons could “go missing” and that would be a much higher price to pay.
The strength in the book played out many times is not just Hoodbhoy’s technical expertise of the physics that go into making a bomb, but his knowledge of the military mindset and psychology vis a vis the bomb. He’s also well-placed to expound on the historical and political backdrop to the bomb: he discusses the effects of wide-ranging topics such as economic sanctions, the ‘war on terror’ and the killing of Osama bin Laden on Pakistan’s sense of self-image as a nuclear power, with rival India breathing down its neck next door.
The essays cast a cool, balanced eye on the myriad aspects of possessing the bomb and the possibilities of using it in the future without resorting to emotional rhetoric. Hoodbhoy, who holds a rational, secularist stance deeply unpopular with Pakistan’s jingoistic right, uses his scientist’s mind to analyse the current situation, and ask hard-hitting questions. Right now the Pakistani side is smug, imagining that it holds all the cards while at the same time holding its own against a United States that it believes wants to rob Pakistan of its nukes, but what happens if things go wrong and Pakistan does lose control of its weapons? What are the effects of nuclear war on the region and why are Pakistan and India’s generals, obscurantists and general population so unable to imagine anything beyond total victory?
The topics in the book’s essays are weighty, yet interesting philosophical questions are raised amongst the heavier technical and historical facts. For example, in “Scientists and India’s Nuclear Bomb,” M.V. Ramana recounts India’s nuclear history and how scientists were inducted into the nationalistic agenda, observing wisely that science “is a social activity strongly influenced by social and political structures around it”. In “The Coming of the Atomic Age to Pakistan,” Zia Mian explains the central role the United States played in helping Pakistan achieve its nuclear dreams, but also shows that Pakistan was neither economically nor scientifically fully prepared for the Atomic Age. In two other essays, Mian also shows us how difficult it is to command and control nuclear weapons, despite the military’s efforts to use the bomb as part of Pakistan’s overall war strategy.
Hoodbhoy contributes seven of the essays and co-authors two more with Zia Mian. His contempt for Pakistan’s military and civilian leaders’ short-sightedness is clear as he discusses Pakistan’s nuclear history; the creation of a national identity around the bomb; its ramifications for Kashmir; whether the bomb could ever be used in a sectarian war against Shia Iran at the behest of Saudi Arabia — clearly one of the most controversial essays in the collection — the safety and security of the nuclear arsenal; and finally, nuclear diplomacy in Pakistan and world disarmament treaties.
Hoodbhoy applies his scientist’s mind to rationally analyse the events and forces that have contributed to Pakistan’s present situation, displaying an expert’s understanding of Pakistan’s history, ideology, national makeup, and military capability. In his chapter on “Post bin Laden: The Safety and Security of Pakistan’s Nuclear Arsenal,” he leads in with a long, thoughtful rendering of how Pakistan has gone from a secular South Asian nation for Muslims to a highly Islamicised Arab-aspiring hotbed of militancy. About the Pakistan Army’s contribution to this phenomena, he writes:
“Currently, it might perhaps be more accurate to consider the Pakistan Army to be consisting of two armies. The first is headed by Gen. Kayani: let us call it Army-A/ISI-A. This army considers the protection of national borders its primary goal. It also seeks to maintain the status quo, giving the army extraordinary powers in national decision-making and financial privileges. The second, Army-B/ISI-B is Allah’s army. It is silent, subterranean, currently leaderless but inspired by the philosophy of Abul Ala Maudoodi and Syed Qutb. Possessed by radical dreams, it seeks to turn Pakistan into a state run according to the Sharia.”
The collection also bravely addresses what we don’t talk about when we discuss the bomb: Hoodbhoy has no truck with the rhetoric used by either side in defence of nuclear technology; he pinpoints ignorance from the highest to the lowest echelons behind the warped ideology and misguided estimation of its usefulness. On the other hand, rightful recognition is given to Professor Abdus Salam’s contribution to Pakistan’s nuclear development. Two essays analyse nuclear energy generation in Pakistan and India and argue that it won’t work in either country for a variety of scientific, environmental and medical reasons. In an essay called “What Nuclear War Could Do to South Asia,” written by an American, a Pakistani, and two Indian nuclear scientists, the authors discuss whether a nuclear war would cause total annhilation or manageable destruction, or some combination of both — and chillingly conclude that “nothing would ever be the same again”.
What marks the book as noteworthy is how the authors of the essays use the scientific method rather than appeals to emotionalism or patriotism to determine that the bomb is no equaliser, no bringer of safety and security. We have been lied to by our leaders and our generals: the bomb cannot protect India or Pakistan: the latter country needs “peace, economic justice, rule of law, tax reform, a social contract, education and a new federation agreement” to truly survive. Confronting the Bomb will help you understand many issues around the nuclear arms debate — and you’ll be forced to consider if going nuclear has been truly worth the price we’ve paid for it.
The reviewer is a novelist
Confronting the Bomb: Pakistani and Indian Scientists Speak Out
(Politics) Edited by Pervez Hoodbhoy OxfordUniversity Press, Karachi
ISBN 978-0-19-906833-3, 392pp. Rs.1,395
(Courtesy: Dawn Newspaper and Ms. Bina Shah renowned columnist and writer)
By Ejaz Aziz
Myanmar (old name), officially known as “republic of the union of Myanmar” has a history of persecuting its minorities, particularly Muslims, the Rohingya people, who are basically an indo-Aryan people from the state of Rohingya, which is now officially known as ‘’ RAKHINE (ARAKA).
Rohingya people are native to Myanmar, which is commonly as Burma, is comprised of 4 percent of this persecuted minority. Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia and is a sovereign state, bordering china, Thailand, India, Laos and Bangladesh from Chittagong. Myanmar’s capital is Naypyidaw and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon). the official languages being spoken is Burmese and the regional languages it includes, JINGPHO, KAYAH, KARER, CHIN, MON, RAKHINE and SHAN.
The area it comprised of is approximately 676,578km. The population estimation according to the census of 2010 was 60,280,000. According to the economically estimation in 2011, its GDP (GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT) in total was $ 82,679 billion, in per capta estimation it’s $ 1,324, which is growing with annual rate of 5.5%.
Within the total area one-third of Burmese’s area with perimeter of 1,930 km forms a fairly long coastline along with bay of Bengal, ( largest bay in the world forms the northern part of the Indian ocean) and Andaman sea, (or Burma sea, south east of bay of Bengal, south of Burma).
Myanmar is the 2nd largest country in Southeast Asia and the 40th largest country in the world with the population of 60 million that ranked it the 24th most populated country. Burma is resource-rich in precious stones and other God gifted resources. the Rohingya people with their darker skins and sharper noses are easily distinguishable from the Burmeese and the gigantic series of persecution to the deprived minority, Rohingya goes very deeper since the assumption of power in 1962 by general Ne win, nationalized all business and took responsibility of armed forces and cival bureaucracy to harm Muslims be hunted by deprivation that in results compelled them fled to neighboring Bangladesh, Thailand and Saudi Arab. the anti-Muslim riots over there in Myanmar took place in Mandlay in 1997 and in 2001, according to the UN, they are one of the most persecuted minorities in the the world whose plight came to international media attention in the wake of the current rioting in Rakhine state, began early June 2012, as majority of Buddhism alleged that Muslims men had raped one of their woman. in the ensuing rioting hundreds of the Muslims were killed consequently.
Many governments including the EU, united states and Canada have imposed economic sanctions on Burma, the UN and several other international organization have reported consisted and systematic gigantic human rights violations in Myanmar including genocide, the use of child soldiers, systematic rape, child labor, slavery, human trafficking and a lack of freedom of speech. The chunk of people facing ferociously targeted miscarries are Rohingya Muslims who are being treated as foreigners as the government of Myanmar considers them as illegal immigrants, ignoring the facts that they have been living there for decades.
Where ever in the world such a ferocious and aggravated attitude is being practiced, in results will undoubtedly be with its hideous face, this heinous behavior from the tyranny not only builds up the hatred feelings but results into a much hue and cry as well to let awake up those people who have a firm sort of sentiments and commitments in disclosing the realities and secrets, same as the case with Baloch nation where the human violations had already crossed all the limitations of having a sense of humanity, here it is pertinent to mention that from the exact date of intervention of Pakistani establishment in Balochistan, there is not any historical reminder to say, an international organization has felt sorrow to pass a resolution for the protection or prevention of human violations, very sad to say that perhaps it would be a sin to talk or struggle for the privileges of one own motherland.
The most persecuted minority of Muslims inhabited over there in Myanmar, no doubt about that facing the worst brutalities as we came abreast to a very unpleasant news that General Ne win stripped them of the citizenship in 1982 by declaring the minority (Rohingya people) has no rights, they cannot buy land and not will be represented in government jobs as well. This racial discrimination kept Muslims the biggest losers. UN, FU, international amnesty and OIC has to take pertinent action to pass resolutions in order to prevent the grotesque brutalities and offensive attitude from Rakhine state, Otherwise may an uprising blows up in the form of destruction in those areas in the world where we can see the current scenarios intolerable.
By Farooq Bolani
The word imperialism means a system in which a country rules over other countries. Furthermore, one thing should be remembered that Imperialism never gives a chance to the slave to read and know about their history and culture because if they give good education, they would undoubtedly fight against that country.
Education which is known as the backbone of society is the basic rights of human beings. Education must be taught in mother tongue to make access easy to get knowledge. But unfortunately, our own subject is not being taught, even Pakistan can’t consider Balochi as a language. If we have glance at the history of Balochistan, we see that it was occupied forcefully in 1948 by Pakistan, and before which it was a separate state, was ruled for almost 7 months. In addition, an imperial country never tries to use such system that slaver gets benefits. Whether the reality is this, Imperialist always endeavors to finish the recognition of those nations who are slaved, if possible. However, that’s why slavers privileged is privileged not taught to think, to read everything which may help in realizing that they are being treated as slaves. If we get Pakistani education, form pros and cons then our mind can be affected. I analyze that it is the time to read and know about the culture and history unless we know about our identity that they are not considering us as a Baloch. If a colonial teacher teaches us, then our minds will be changed. One thing should be remembered that a colonial teacher never endeavors to allow his pupils to survey the world freely. The whole object of education is to develop the mind. The mind should be a thing that works, as we are getting bad education since the creation of Pakistan. Moreover, the slaves are deprived of their rights to study their culture, history and tradition. Remember one thing that the imperials enforce their languages and a system of education to make the slave to forget their language.
In conclusion, my final proposition is that books must be read in order to know about the culture and national identity.
By Imamdin Kandrani
The beautiful and peaceful past of Quetta city tells us that the city was very peaceful and more hospitalize; due to its harmonic environment international travelers would come for tourist without any disturbance. People would share their happiness and laminations with each others without any hesitation. Here it wasn’t racial and communal differences. There was no any bigotry, because fundamental notions were uprooted. Harmony was known among them; therefore it was called a peaceful city and even before the earth quack of 1935 it was called “A piece of Paradise”, too.
But alas! Now the situations have changed. Our home land is passing through critical conditions, like every days bomb blasting, target killings, political raise and fall, security problems and much more. Every one is distressed in current scenarios, people don’t understand, what is going on and what to do? They lost their courage and their businesses also have slumped.
There are many hindrances for the peace and prosperity of Quetta and whole Balochistan. The main reasons of turbulence target killings of every creed followers like Sunni, Shia, Baloch, Pashtoon and Panjabi etc, bomb blasting, differences between political stakeholders, misunderstandings between political forces and security forces and lake of better security plans.
The current tragic occurrences increased the uneasiness of people and made Quetta city a sepal city. These events swallowed Balochistan Government and caused Governor Rule in province. These current events seem to be international propaganda against the peace, and in past, violence was some other aspect the Quetta’s current blasts can be relevant of past and outcome of international propaganda against Hazara tribe on the name of religious differences. As senior journalist Rana Maqbool (presently, columnist in daily Mashriq, Quetta) said in a report on 15th January 2013, that the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan is colluded in genocide of Hazara (Shia) and Afghan intelligence agencies Chief Asadullah is involve to help them (cited by Maria Sultan who is an expert officer in strategic Affairs).
If we deeply think about peace and prosperity of Quetta and Balochistan, so there is no doubt that the peace and prosperity were sold by General Pervaz Musharraf (Army chief and ex-president of Pakistan) the tenure of Pervaz Musharraf is regarded as a wretched rule in Balochistan. No doubt, every government ignored the citizens of Balochistan, but especially in previous decade in which the martyrdom of Akbar Khan Bugti and Balach Marri took place. Their assassination was a preplanned policy against the peace and prosperity of Balochistan.
Knowing this that power is not solution of any matter, he started military operation in the various places of Quetta city and other areas of Balochistan, even still operations are going on by F.C, which are affecting peace in Balochistan.
Present era’s worse condition of peace, ill-treatment, ill-will, absence of brother hood and distrust illustrates to the rouse of nationalism and communal thoughts, which are basically proved by intelligent agencies to develop bigoted thoughts, so that they may achieve their goals. They horrify the people who invite despair and fades glory of people, and then they can not continue peace and joy which affects environment.
(The mentioned above logic is an analytical debate about the peace of province, so this aspect may be considered solid or not, but according to my point of view it’s an important aspect about subject and economy is too, which is also a major cause of anarchy and political uproar. So now, I am going to discuss about economy).
Economy is in the hand of administrations don’t will to adjust the real roots of economy. It’s their duty to improve economy by maintaining peace is necessary as for development.
Their relations with public should be amicable not bleak. In order to that they should be known among the people and have right to call the real and honest administrations. There is no suspect that their single alloy will destroy the economy quality that’s why they should quit their personal benefits to gain public trust.
But, the real character of our federal and provincial Government administrators is quietly changed. They don’t have the above mentioned characteristics. They made country a debtor country, they exterminated the economy of country. State is billion dollars debtor of international organizations, like IMF, World Bank and others. Economy is touching at the bottom of its level of destruction and prices of things are touching to the sky. Bureaucrats are performing the role of black sheep. Hacking mismanagement is considered an import duty by administrators, thus privatization develops and poverty crosses its demarcation and social crimes are intensifying to swallow peace and prosperity both. Senselessness replaces quietness, and then ruins strongly hold its root for large scale destruction. Same our beloved city and province became administratively the orphan and current days are being seen as output.
If any state, province and city suffer such worse conditions, needs revolution and a long time to maintain peace again. But according to current circumstances our beloved city and province Balochistan are very gloomy and dismal. In such dismal condition, we (all the residencies) will have to think sincerely on our environment and will have to maintain brother hood among the all to avoid all the social, political and economical differences, so that we can bring love, peace, brother hood and prosperity which is most necessary to sprit in this globe, otherwise our up coming generation will suffer in same condition, too. Even circumstances can be worst for them and genocide of every tribe, every creed will remain. So please think sincerely and act on it too.
By Wali Olaaspal, Kabul
After the peace deal or withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan, it seems Taliban will be the part of Afghan politics. After decades Talban contra-war with the NATO troops in Afghanistan may end with last effort for peace deal among contraries. In this first month of the year 2013, the peace process of Afghan Government and Taliban with the help of USA entered into a new ray of hope with the releasing of some Talib leaders from pakistani prisons last year, while in 2012 peace talk faced ups and down stages many times due to the USA election process.
The delay in peace process might be caused by Obama administration’s cautiousness to get desired results in election. This all ups and down are the parts of deal. After many decades tired Afghan people, who want peace and have desire to end this unpredictable war. The war against soviet union, the proxy civil war killed and injured more then 40,00,000 innocent Afghans, and millions of civilian compelled to leave their homeland. The present Afghan Warlords who are in Karzai’s administration and taliban both are the old players of this battleground, and they are responsible for the destabilizing of Afghanistan.
The cold war between the USSR and Capitalist world was the sole reason for the creation of mujahedeen network which then turned to present day Taliban movement and thus we can derive that they were created to defeat USSR for the sake to prevail capitalistic ideas freely in central and South Asia. Taliban were planted in CIA and ISI farms, in the decade of seventy and eighty thousands of madras’s were organized in Pakistan during Ziaulhaq’s regime who was a military dictator sponsored by Arabs, CIA and ISI for the purpose to establish a religious fundamentalist forces. These religious fundamentalists could be easily utilized by those agencies for the accomplishment of their ultimate goals in the region. These all facts are the part of history.
After 9/11, the USA and international forces fill the site of warlords and they established a new Government in Afghanistan. Now Afghan government and Taliban are promoting toward national reconciliation process with the help of international allies and majority of Afghans are of the view that it will be the decisive step toward political stability in Afghanistan after withdrawal of international forces. All peacefull nations are supporting this national reconciliation agreement of Afghan government with Talibans but it indicates a thing still remains which is the antagonistic basic rules of talibanism and these concern with the social norms which were devoloped forcefully on Afghan society during Talibans regime. Those forceful practices of social nature in the decade of 90s during Taliban regime are not acceptable to Afghan civil society and are not according to the ways of life of civilized nations of the world but Taliban are still supporting their old ways which were implemented by force in Afghanistan.
The practices to be mentioned are the inhuman thoughts of Talibanization philosophy towards women and masses. In those days Afghanistan was a picture of disappointment and almost every citizen was on the way to fly this fearful state which was reminding the Stone Age. There were no rights for human in their law and they were against all basic rights of women, there was no place for modern scientific education in their theory and even they are defending this miss act now also.
They sealed all schools without any reason in those regions where they got control. They were against music and masses were deprived from all entertaining activities, according to their point of view women could not be allow do any social activity and women were treated like animal further more they were not in the favor of construction, according to them this world is just for non-Muslims. If we study the followers of Talibanization, there will be some similarities among them.
However, moderate Talibans are also supporting those disgusting practices which lead to strict backwardness, some Taliban leaders who live in Kabul as like Mula Salam Zaheef, made a university (Afghan Pohantoon) with the assistance of Saudi Arabia in the center of Kabul, university is just for male students their is no place for female. Once i asked from a lecturer of Islamic studies in this university, why there is no section for female students or why you people do not allow female to get education in your university? He replied very innocently, it depends upon Islamic Imarat’s (The Government of Taliban) order and explained that female are still not secure to get education in this environment. I inquired which kind of environment in your opinion should be provided? He said there should be Islamic government. I said then why you people closed all educational institutes during Taliban rules in Afghanistan. The answer by him was not reliable and parallel with today’s educational requirements. In this situation the major threat is not Taliban but orthodox thoughts of Talibanism.
The reconciliation policy may bring Taliban to political ground, in the same time the politicians, human rights, particularly women rights activists and other social progressive movements should take the responsibility to vanish the theory of Talibanism with logical, ethical and scientific reasons in the region for a long term peace, Because Talibanizations theory is a serious threat for peaceful nation of region but not Taliban.
Bolan Voice Repot
Sardar Akhter Mengal the head of Balochistan National Party (Mengal) said “Imposition of governor rule on Balochistan is merely change of ostensibly faces and no one should make expectation from army for being of emancipator, because same army has created dogmas of Talbanization, fundamentalism, terrorism and sectarianism. Unless main power holder of state intention is to be changed, the situation will not be bettered. All authorities of Balochistan already were vested in frontier corps but why not main communicates of terrorists are being raided.”
Talking to media men via telephone from Dubai Akhter Jan Mengal said that Balochistan was in control of army before from now. Akbar Khan Bugti was traced-out from mountains and was martyred but it is amazed that sectarian violence perpetrators are not being deducted in towns. We want to know that which terrorist asylum is out-reach of intelligence official eyes.
In fact, these all are being done by agencies. Governor rule imposition is not salvation of issue, which is merely ostensible, changed and will not affect the situations. The provincial government incompetency is factor on its side but governor rule isn’t solution and we all will see that in few days situations will turn similar as these were. During five years a single terrorist has not been arrested and vis versa Baloch political workers are being arrested and their mutilated bodies are being thrown without respite.
“Hazara Community living in Balochistan is facing unfair and brutally are being oppressed; even their genocide is being committed. He had no word for compassion to them, in spite this he doesn’t consider to army emancipator for anyone and this institute isn’t capable to settle this issue, because Talbanization, fundamentalism, terrorism, sectarianism have been advent by it. The political parties joining and disjoin are also executed by same army, currently the Asghar Khan Case is solid evidence of this argue,” Akhter Mengal blamed.
Naheed Hayat, Bolan Turbat
Women are deprived of their fundamental rights not just in our society but in other societies as well. Their natural emotions are overridden. They are not allowed to pass their lives in their style; they are killed in the name of custom or religion in our society which is increasing. Being the half population of a society, women have many rights, the right of decision-taking, the right of expression, the right of gaining education, the right of having equal respect a man has in a society rather more than that because without women a society is like a airplane without wings. So if an airplane doesn’t have wings it is equal to nothing and can also fall from sky to earth in seconds but if it has the wings then the same wings will take the airplane to the sky. I mean women can play an immense roll in a society.
Any society is incomplete without woman. It contains the half population of the society, so how a society can develop without having the efforts of women. Men feel proud to do violence on their women and name it bravery or manhood, but they should know that a woman is not the enemy of a man rather she is there in every problem with men, a big and only support of a man is women. The same man is kicked out in some places and there are women to embrace him in their time of difficulty. Why the same man feel so proud to do violence on them and they take their anger on women every time. This shows the weakness of a man but still they do not feel hesitation to call women weak.
If fiercest men understand and know their character in history or know that he is the product of current situation then he may stop doing violence on women. The terrible situations are brought to men by others not by women and women have never thought negativity against men so the men must know the real enemy and resist them in spite of doing violence on women.
The backward societies like ours find a woman ‘weak’ and ‘incompetent’. This is a very wrong and discriminatory concept actually. Women have resisted in different places weather that is sub-continent, America, Africa or Arab countries. They have taken parts in every movement which have been emerged for the betterment of society. If Hammal Jeehand can take the gun against the enemies then Bandi also can. If Yasir Harfat can lead Palestinian Movement then Laila Khalid can also can. If a Baloch brother is the target of bullets of forces then the Baloch sisters are also as Banuk Shehnaz was. We ought to wash our brains which have got the dust of dusty thoughts, recognize the role of women in a nation or in a society. The role woman can play no one else can play that.
It is obviously clear that religion has always been the tool for oppressor to oppress other. Likewise, the same religion has been also used against women in every society. The religious people use religion as the tool to earn and they use the card of religion to violate the rights of women. In Pakistan it is also the same case especially the areas which touch the border of Afghanistan. There women are not given the single right. They are in the age of stone and I call it worse than the age of stone because in the age of stone women were not treated so as they are today in those areas. They have defamed the name of religion and in the name of religion or custom they have imposed the blind rule of manhood. The words of men are first and final, the decisions of men are final, and the violence of men is named ‘bravery’ or manhood. What a bizarre thing that is for the twenty first century world that they have named the tolerance of women ‘weaknesses and the violence of men ‘bravery’. The brave women should be called who has the power of tolerance and the power of caring the natural relation, and the “weak” men should be called who are weak enough to face the problems of them and take out their anger on women.
We are living in the society which is in the process of development. And this development is possible in that case when the role of women is understood; the rights of women are not violated.
Islam has given the equal rights of divorce to men and women. But, in our society if a woman takes divorce from her husband that would be a very negative thing and the family has to tolerate shameful talks from society. The same society feels proud on their women doing ‘Hijab’ but feels shame on their women to take divorce. Islam teaches us to do “Hijab’’ as well as it gives the right to women for getting divorce, but what to be done to society which just implements on those things which it likes and dislikes. And those likeness and dis-likeness are made by the society not by any religion. Unfortunately, the society is itself the target of those things. Whenever a woman resists and stand for their rights they are blamed to be influenced by western culture but if we look briefly to the movements of backward nations or countries in the name of ‘nationalism’, democracy, independency and etc, these all have come also from western occupation so, why a man is not blamed to be influenced by western countries. Even, women have raised the voice in order to get the fundamental rights in their homes, society or in their education where a man is totally free. You (man) can’t give us the fundamental rights, so how do you ask about the right of self-determination or freedom. I am not opposing the struggle of a man for the right of self-determination or freedom but I am raising concern about their own dominance on women rights.
Women are named ‘corrupt’, depraved and with so many other shameless terms when they raise voice for freedom. But the same word ‘freedom’ is good for a man, nation or country so how it becomes bad when it comes to a woman? The man usually shows his manhood in bravery on in intelligence but women have proved themselves in both. We can have the example of Laila Khalid and Elezabth Cady Stanton. Laila Khalid proved that women are brave enough to resist cruelty. And Elezabth was the one who struggled for women rights in United States where women could not vote that time. She believed that to fight for fairness and to create change, women needed the right to vote and finally she got success in her struggle and American States granted women the right to vote. This rejects the perception that women just need to be combined in the four walls of a house.
However, if the behavior of men and their sentiments remain same for women, then the society is going to be the same forever. I mean it cannot develop without having the efforts of women. As it is said, behind every successful man there stands a woman. So, for the development of a society the efforts of women are must and women can put their efforts that time when they are considered the true part of development. The gender equalization is lacking in our society. The man should stop violating the rights of women. Women should be given their fundamental rights; they should be given the equal rights in every field. All the meaningless sanctions should be removed on women. They should be given chance to bring their talents on surface and they must be appreciated as well. Man must have positive thinking about woman. Because of negativity men have put forward so many sanctions on them. They have to be positive and should remove the negative aspect from their minds than they can develop the society and bow the seeds of success.
By Mir Shahnawaz Talpur
In several circles the government is still following former rulers’ and systems which inevitably needed to be reformed on priority bases either they may be remission policies for inmates across the country or from foreign policy to interior policies of state economical plans, etc.
The intelligentsia is latching unsatisfactory practice very closely, a question raises in their minds “Why ever each government continues same policies regarding remissions for prisoners?” all reconciliation and compromises are always open for the haves and for antisocial groups but nor for have-nots, politically arrested ones. Suppressed and social prisoners are always ignored, WHY?
Still many, political prisoners are incarcerated thus prisoners in jails stand false yet such claims by government makes a mockery of justice. Thousands of political workers are jailed across the country especially in Sindh and Balochistan jails are over crowded with political prisoners.
Abul Kalam Azad the great intellectual of the subcontinent had written that the “law in this region is like spider’s net, in which flies and mosquitoes are preyed but elephants and bulls break it and escape away safely.” And it really matches the prevailing legal conditions of our country at least. The “LAW” has become hanging cord for law abiding citizens. But the well known mother, “necessity” invents NRO like “legal” safe passages for upper class only, holy cow! It is not for thou you commons!
Virtuous and poor people are always deceived by thing blindfold on eyes of goddess of justice and the reason is given that the goddess of justice has no kinship with anybody.
In such a perlexive situation the pauper concludes that the goddess of justice is really indeed! In fact that is not blind but injustice has duded justice and we are forced to accept it. Once Javed Soomro reported from the BBC Urdu Service that since birth of Pakistan FIRs registered on cases were went for trail before courts 90% of them were not proved and found as false the people thrown in jail and left to rot their lives were completely destructed, their future was made darkened, they were destroyed physically, mentally, financially and economically.
Neither the law moved for them nor the goddess of justice had mercy on them. Claims of Human Rights Organizations and democratic forces or legislators never ever raised their voice for them. The values have entirely been changed, virtue is being sentenced and vice is being rewarded. Activists of other parties like MQM who where involved in various crimes like robberies, docoities, murder, kidnapping for ransom have been set free on parole or released under so called reconciliation laws. Surprisingly we see that supporters of suppressing rulers and helpers of dictatorship have been given relief but common men who watered democracy with their lives and blood have distantly been ignored. Alas! There is no remission for them. Recently, a high profile target killer affiliated with MQM – Ajmal Pahari who was involved in more then one hundred cases of high seals has been released, who was in headlines of almost all papers even in Supreme Court he was under remarks of learned justices of apex court yet he has been released. Within a year his cases either acquitted on boiled because no witness was ready to depose against him!!!
Comparatively the poor and pauper, if involved in such crimes due to hunger and poverty and all agencies move on against him very rapidly, arrest him and put him behind the bars to rot in. Now, the government is negotiating with Taliban and preparing the strategy for release of Taliban prisoners in Pakistani jails but not taking any serious steps for release of their own country men who are rotting in prisons there are no relief of them. Don’t do this to your subjects or in future mothers will frighten their babies, “Quiet or I will call democracy.” Such a discriminatory democracy would make way for this kind of proverbs. Discriminatory law, the anti terrorism act as tied all the acts falling under this law in one rope without classification as to its gravity and heinousness. No provision is left to dead with an incidental act happening by an ordinary person stretchable in one way or the other as an act of terrorism.
Would it be justified to define an act even more severe than to wage war as deserted in Aya 33 sure Al-Maidah Al-Quran the punishment of those who wage war against Allah and his messenger and strive with might and main for mischief through the land is: Execution of crucifixion on the cutting off of hands and feet from opposite sides or exile from the land that is their disgrace in this world and a heavy punishment in theirs in the hereafter further to this “Except for those who repent before they fall into your power in that case, know that Allah is oft-forgiving most merciful.”
The purpose of Quranic revelations providing punishment remained associated to the reformation of the society even to the rebels and insurgents on earth are also included if they repent before they are overpowered. The almighty Allah preferred reformation instead of disgusting mankind and after creature for their individual characters except for those who hold partner (s) to Almighty and don’t accept the righteousness as described in the Quran.
In order to deprive the prisoners of their lawful gaining of remissions ro the remissions announced on public rejoicing days, an unnecessary amendment was made in the Anti Terrorism Act during 2001 by inserting a new section 21-F restricting remission in article 8,9 and are in gross violation of article 25, Article 2 and Article 4 of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Now being ultra versa to the constitution why should in remain in force. Let’s see in detail the role of remissions towards psychological rehabilitation of convicts to prove them a reformed personality after completion of their sentence. The grant of remissions needs to be associated to the willingness towards reformation/reparation instead of gravity of the offence.
The discriminatory legislation towards withholding of remissions neither bring any positive result in the personality of convicts nor does it prove on effective deterrent as experienced in the recent past.
Thus the focus in legislation should be to provide both the essentials of dispensation of justice i-e speedy trail and execution in either of the case.
The remissions are wrongly interpreted as in case of convicts serving rigorous imprisonment earns remissions as a working labourer earns leave during job. His entitlement to avail religious and national festivals cannot be taken away disentitling him for a simple reason that he is a convict of Anti-Terrorism Court/Act. Anything contrary to the foregoing statement is required to be declared cruel and discriminatory thus void.
The length of term of sentence or imprisonment itself provides sufficient leverage/discretion to the courts in offences declared grave/heinous. Refusal to grant of remission can be turned as double jeopardy as the convicts under these circumstances will have to undergo almost double of what is pronounced as prescribed for the offence.
The purpose was to show harshness towards such offenders to use the special laws as deterrent in nature but it would not be denying the fact that such a cruelty could not prevent incidences of offences scheduled under Anti Terrorist Act.
The dispensation of justice in criminal matters in both Islamic and Modern jurisprudence is to provide immediate and just punishment to the culprits. Crucifixion being the fastest remedy guilty of offences leading to such a punishment requires to be exercised without waste of time of time for the welfare of society. It would more appropriate to crucify instead of subjecting the convicts to face discrimination in the hands of law makers and courts.
Reformation of persons involved need to be basic consideration during service of sentence of imprisonment. Withholding remissions during service of the sentence is not only cruel and discriminatory but may result in refusal to mend one’s behavior for reformation and preparedness of the convicts to lead a peaceful and harmless life.
The discriminatory laws are certainly contrary to the human psychology and pass the message of being condemned once for all giving rise to refusal to reformation. As the term of punishment whatsoever ultimately of justice is to examine on its individual merits. Various acts have been defined as acts of terrorism but have been dealt with a black prevision of putting bar on the rights of accused under this act. Originally offenses against human body were declared as heinous crimes in chapter XVI of the PPC is exactly consistent with the Quranic injunctions. Making these acts as non-Quranic compoundable has eliminated the right of forgiveness form the victim of any such act defined under Anti Terrorism Act. The state being the only party to a non-compoundable offence should extend benefits on the basis of equality using rule of consistency to all such cases where the state is the only party against the offender.
Terrorism has now become a vast-phenomenon and has a broad definition according to the new enactment thus require classification of such act according to gravity and heinousness. Refusal to allow any concessions also requires to be attached to the category of the offence. Refusal to concession of remission for the purposes of exhibiting the kind of punishment as an exemplary for other intending offenders is nor fair and just. The experience of such cruel acts practiced under the Anti Terrorism Act proved a failure as this type of enactment was not successful in curbing the menace of such activities, rather proved contrary.
Since the promulgation of Anti Terrorism Act, 1997 and subsequent amendment in this ordinance has changed the definition of heinous crime because there is no difference between the offences committed by an ordinary individual maligned wrongfully with mala fide intention using circumstance and rigidity of the Anti Terrorism Act like kidnapping for ransom using law enforcement agencies also face the same rigidity ever after their misjudged conviction.
The current wave of massive terrorism carried by terrorist groups causing brutal and indiscriminate deaths need to bed separated from the ordinary crime.
All other acts should be tried in ordinary courts under ordinary law as offenses defined in the Pakistan Penal Code are internationally adopted crimes and dealt with the ordinary courts. It is a recognized fact that special laws for common offenses could not prevent offenses covered under such laws to quote the size and menace of corruption could not be checked by introducing NAB ordinance, Terrorist activities multiplied in geometrical progressions even after introducing special law for such activities.
Such a situation certainly requires reviewing inconsistency in the provision of special laws with ordinary laws. Remission associated to good conduct and reformation including those allowed on different National and Islamic festival attracts the convicts towards such acts including religious association towards Islamic way of living and patriotism even to destructive minds categorized dangerous.
Section 21-F of Anti Terrorism Act reads: “Notwithstanding” any thing to the contrary continued in any other law and the Pakistan prison rules, for the time being in force an accused convicted under this Act other than a child shall not be entitled to any remission in his sentence. Unless granted by the government, “The section is also derogation of the fundamental Rights ensured in chapter 8 of the constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan which reads: – Article 8 laws inconsistent with in derogation of fundamental rights to be void. (1) Any law or any custom or usage having the force of law in so far as it is inconsistent with the rights conferred by this chapter, shall to be extent of such inconsistency be void. (2) The state shall not make any law which takes away or abridges the rights so conferred and any law made in contravention of this clause shall to the extent of such contravention be void. The underlying principle laid down under article 8 is that no law will be accepted as a good law which is violation of fundamental rights of citizen of Pakistan.
And if ever such law is made the courts are fully competent to declare such law void. Provision of article 8 is a great guarantee for the protection of the fundamental rights.
Therefore, if the instructions of statutory instruments qualify as law if challenged then they is liable to be struck down under article 8 if found discriminatory and which takes the action under such laws is immaterial. These are Supreme Court’s remarks (PLD – 1990 SC.95)
The constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan ensures equal rights to each citizen under the provisions of article 25 of the constitution. 25: Equality of citizens: (1) all citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection. The supreme court of Pakistan remarked in 2001, PLC – 57; expression as envisaged in article 25 of the constitution mean that no person of law which is enjoyed by persons or other class of persons in like circumstances in respect of their life, liberty, property or pursuit of happiness. Person similar circumstances are to be treated in the same manner.
Although class legislation has been forbidden it permits reasonable classification for the purpose of legislation.
Permissible classification is allowed provided that the classification is founded on intelligible differentia which distinguishes persons or things that are grouped together from others who are left out of the group and such classification and differentia must be on rational relation to the object sort t o be achieved by the act.
There should be a nexus between the classification and the object of the act. This principle symbolizes that persons or things similarly situated cannot be distinguished on discriminated while making on applying the law.
It has to be applied equally to persons situated similarly and in the same situation. Any law make or action taken in violation of these principles is liable to be struck down. If the law and any statutory authority or functionary it to administer in discriminatory manner such law will violate equality clause. Thus, the substantive and procedural law and action taken under it can be challenged as violation of article 8 and 25 of the constitution.
There must be no discrimination between elite and a common man Islam clearly insists and demands that all official of the Islamic State whether it be that dead on an ordinary employee are equal in the eyes of law.
In 2006, Sindh high court struck down section 10(d) of the NAB, ordinance 1999 declaring the same ultra versa the constitution. As the remissions of NAB courts were withheld under 10(d) section which contained discriminatory provisions it had been declared in consistent and in violation of article 8 & 25 of the constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
There should be one set of rulers only for every convict under any law. The forum of trial and the procedure may be different and the punishments under the same laws may be more stringent, as compare to the other enactments but after convictions the convict should be governed equally. The effects of section 21 F of Anti Terrorism Act, is that it and the ATA convicts in disadvantages position. The persons convicted by other courts under other substantive laws, awarded same punishments shall be entitled to release, much earlier than the ATA convicts.
Denial of remission to the ATA convicts while allowing the same to persons convicted by other courts for similar offenses is discriminatory in nature and merely on account of forum of trail it is not a reasonable classification with the result that the provision continued in section 21 F of the Anti Terrorism Act is repugnant to and violation of the fundamental rights of equal protection of law guaranteed under article 25 of the constitution and consequently should be declared void as provided under article 8 of the constitution. Islam and constitution of the state provides protection against discrimination legislation being repugnant to Islamic Ideology. The question is a convict of the Anti Terrorism Act, 1997 seizes to be a citizen of Pakistan and loses his right to be treated as a Muslim immediately after his conviction. It can be implicitly held that such a convict also loses his rights to rejoice the national and Islamic festival and any grant as to remissions in sentence from the president federal or provincial government on equality basis.
The intention for restricting remissions seems to deny rehabilitation of the convicts and totally ignoring the ones who have otherwise been prey to circumstances rather beyond their control and authority. The government is supposed to take this issue seriously and the inhuman un-Islamic and cruel provision of section 21 F of Anti Terrorism Act 1997 which restricting the prisoners from remission in their sentence may be reproved and declared void. The prisoners convicted under the ATA with good conduct fulfilling required parameters may also be allowed parole without discrimination following the judicial policy 2009-10.
The ground realistic know if the government would not pay attention to this matter could lead to deprivation and enhancement of the sense of despondency among prisoners keeping in jails was intended to rehabilitee the convicts but life long periods in prisons make prisons psychological patients, and cause physical and mental illness.
Thus it needs to be dealt with as early as possible. Please stop picks and choose policies and come to the consistency. It spies like Sarbjeet Singh and others are even considered to be set freed under whatsoever conditions why the remissions are denied to common prisoners because just booked under ATA?!
By Declan Walsh
Calligraphers linger at the gates of an ancient graveyard in this brooding city in western Pakistan, charged with a macabre and increasingly in-demand task: inscribing the tombstones of the latest victims of the sectarian death squads that openly roam these streets.
For at least a year now, Sunni extremist gunmen have been methodically attacking members of the Hazara community, a Persian-speaking Shiite minority that emigrated here from Afghanistan more than a century ago. The killers strike with chilling abandon, apparently fearless of the law: shop owners are gunned down at their counters, students as they play cricket, pilgrims dragged from buses and executed on the roadside.
The latest victim, a mechanic named Hussain Ali, was killed Wednesday, shot inside his workshop. He joined the list of more than 100 Hazaras who have been killed this year, many in broad daylight. As often as not, the gunmen do not even bother to cover their faces.
The bloodshed is part of a wider surge in sectarian violence across Pakistan in which at least 375 Shiites have died this year — the worst toll since the 1990s, human rights workers say. But as their graveyard fills, Hazaras say the mystery lies not in the identity of their attackers, who are well known, but in a simpler question: why the Pakistani state cannot — or will not — protect them.
“After every killing, there are no arrests,” said Muzaffar Ali Changezi, a retired Hazara engineer. “So if the government is not supporting these killers, it must be at least protecting them. That’s the only way to explain how they operate so openly.”
The government, already battling Taliban insurgents, insists it is taking the threat seriously. During the recent Mourning of Muhurram, when Shiites parade through the streets over 10 days, the Interior Ministry imposed stringent security measures such as blocking cellphone signals for up to 12 hours — to try to prevent remote bomb detonations — and banning doubled-up motorcycle riding. Even so, Sunni bombers struck at least five times, killing at least 50 Shiites and wounding several hundred. The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for the biggest attacks, highlighting an emerging link between that group and traditional sectarian militants that has worried many.
Yet the unchecked killings have also raised wider questions about Pakistani society: about the spread of a cancerous sectarian ideology in a public that even just a decade ago seemed more tolerant, and about what might be spurring the growing audacity of the killers, some of whom are believed to have links to the country’s security services.
The murders in Quetta, for instance, involve remarkably little mystery. By wide consensus, the gunmen are based in Mastung, a dusty agricultural village 18 miles to the south that is the bustling local hub of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, the country’s most notorious sectarian militant group.
Like so many Pakistani groups that combine guns with zealotry, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi thrives in a wink-and-nod netherworld: it is officially banned, but its leader, Malik Ishaq, was released from jail last year amid showers of rose petals thrown by supporters. Now Mr. Malik lives openly in southern Punjab Province, protected by armed men who loiter outside his door, allowing him to deliver hate-laced statements to visitors. Shiites are “the greatest infidels on earth,” he told a Reuters reporter last month.
In Quetta, his followers are similarly unfettered. In targeting the Hazara — who, with their distinctive Central Asian features, are easy to pick out — Lashkar-e-Jhangvi militants block busy highways as they search vehicles for Hazaras and daub walls with hate slogans. “The face is the target,” said Major Nadir Ali, a senior Hazara leader and retired army officer. “They see the face, then they shoot.”
In the worst killing this year, militants dragged 26 Hazara men from a bus headed for a religious pilgrimage site in Iran, and executed them in front of their wives. The episode occurred near Mastung.
There is a growing sense of siege in the Hazara community here. Shards of glass are still lodged in the head of Waqar Husain, an engineering student who survived a bomb attack on a crowded university bus last June. Four students died in the attack, and four lost their sight. “It changed my view of life in Quetta,” he said.
Now largely confined to home, Mr. Hussain is still not safe. Threats come via Facebook and Twitter, he said, through taunting messages about the “Shia kaffir” — infidels.
The campaign of fear has forced the Hazara to retreat into ethnic enclaves on the edge of the city. Businesses have moved from the city center to Alamgir Road, a Hazara quarter where discreetly armed men stand watch on street corners. Even the ambulance drivers are armed.
One driver cocked his pistol before leading the way to the site of a recent attack. Across the street, the flag of a banned Sunni group fluttered from a shop with graffiti that read: “There is one treatment for Shiites — it is called jihad.”
The rattle of attacks is just one of several conflicts plaguing Quetta, a once quiet provincial capital now riven by a range of ethnic fissures and violent intrigues, lending it an air of power-keg tension.
Most famously, the city is, or was, home to the “Quetta Shura,” the secretive Afghan Taliban leadership council. But for the Pakistan Army, the main enemy are ethnic Baluch separatists, who killed three soldiers in a bomb attack in central Quetta on Nov. 21.
Foreigners are no longer safe, either treated as Western spies by suspicious officials or abducted as part of a soaring trade in kidnapping. Last April the decapitated body of Khalil Dale, a British Red Cross doctor, was found near Quetta, three months after suspected militants abducted him for ransom.
With such a dizzy array of threats, it is perhaps unsurprising that the security forces have failed to stem sectarian violence. But many analysts see a more disturbing cause: a fatal ambivalence inside the police and military toward jihadi groups.
While the military ostensibly severed its relationship with Islamist groups like Lashkar-e-Jhangvi after 2001, some activists suspect that, at a local level, ties linger. “The authorities are turning a blind eye,” said Ali Dayan Hasan of Human Rights Watch. “The most charitable explanation is that they are incompetent. The alternative is that the military enjoys an informal alliance with Sunni extremists.”
A senior official with the Frontier Corps, the paramilitary force in charge of securing Quetta, denied accusations of collusion. The situation is “challenging,” he admitted, speaking on the condition of anonymity. “But there is no problem with the Hazara. We pursue all criminals, irrespective of sect, caste or religion.”
Regional politics also plays a role. Iran and Saudi Arabia financed rival Shiite and Sunni militant groups in the 1990s, as part of a proxy war for influence. Experts say that, while the Iranian financing has slowed dramatically, private Saudi funds continue to pour in.
In a State Department cable dated December 2009 and published by WikiLeaks, Secretary of State Hilary Rodham Clinton noted that “donors in Saudi Arabia constitute the most significant source of funding to Sunni terrorist groups worldwide.”
The sense of siege has turned to flight for many younger Hazaras, who are leaving their homes in Quetta for Australia, 6,000 miles distant and the largest center of the Hazara diaspora. It is an expensive, dangerous journey: after paying up to $15,000 per head to people smugglers, many are forced to brave perilous journeys in rickety boats across the Indian Ocean. Too often, the boats sink en route, taking hundreds of lives.
Muhammad Hussain, a 39-year-old teacher, said two of his brothers had left for Australia in the past four years — one had almost certainly drowned, he believed; the other, who left four months ago, had still not sent news.
“We just don’t know what happened,” he said, twisting his fingers anxiously as he spoke.
(Courtesy: The New York Times)