The 18 days uprising of Egypt and the journey towards democracy
Shahdad Mumtaz, Turbat
At the end of January, 2012, when the Egyptian finally decided to break the chain of dictatorship coming from decades. The wind of Arab-Spring came to Egypt after crashing Tunis. People were assembled in Tahrir square to demonstrate against the regime of Hosni Mubarak. Tahrir square became the hub of uprising, and it is the most famous square of Egypt and the center of uprising which ousted the decade long dictator Hosni Mubarak.
The protesters used the peaceful and democratic way of protesting but dictator and his security forces had their own natural habits of wiping out the people who would stand against them and raise voice for their fundamental rights. In Egypt, the forces of dictator used the same tactics of massacring the Egyptian in large number. Forces’ tanks crushed the people like animals. The moaning of children could be heard far away when they saw their beloved fathers’ bodies on the roads. The brothers could not see their sisters who were victims of sexual assaults by pro-government forces. But, their tolerance and struggle both need to be appreciated. Yet, they stood firmly on their decision and maintained their protest which I want to name it Jihad (struggle). There is a hadith of prophet Mohammad (PBUM) that whosever raises voices against cruelty and brutality that is doing a jihad.
The protest erupted in January; they demanded for an end to dictatorship and raised voice for democracy. The bloody killing of forces crushed more than eight hundred people. But Egyptian were in full scale of changed and brutalities of forces could not be a stumbling block in their struggle.
There was no independent media which could highlight the issues of Egyptian. During the uprising international media was banned by government. There was no independent law which could save the Egyptian citizens from brutal forces. There was no independent judiciary which could defend the citizens’ rights. All the institutions were made to be what dictator wanted. The talented youths were facing unemployment. The policies benefit the elite class.
Finally, the heavy protests of Egyptian compelled Hosni Mubarak to step down. And he transferred all the power to voice president and created a supreme council of armed forces (SCAF) to run the country till presidential election. Supreme council also promised to relinquish after the presidential election and all powers would be transferred to elected president, the first presidential election in Egypt. A call to finish the protest came after the acceptance of their demands. But the final outcome was inevitable.
The ousted dictator Hosni Mubarak faced conviction in the court for massacring protesters. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. He is also facing health problems in prison. Currently, he is in comma in a military hospital.
Firstly, elections were done for parliament. Muslim brotherhood won 47% of votes in people’s general assembly. Muslim Brotherhood once a banned group in Egypt for sitting up its own freedom and justice party (FJP). Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammad Mursi, who has fought presidential election recently, has won it. He defeated Ahmad Shafiq former prime minister of Mubarak regime.
The disputed moment came when ScaF (supreme council of armed forces) dissolved the elected parliament and ordered for re-election. It also expanded its authority and sought immunity while making next constitution. Now it was confusing one side presidential election was going on and other side parliament was dissolved. It means whosever wins; he becomes the president of such a country which does not have a parliament and constitution. We must remember Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party got the majority of seats in parliament. However, political parties accused the act of supreme council and urged to public for protesting against the undemocratic act of ScaF.
What makes it illogical is that yet, Egyptian army has intentions to be in power. I remember the words of great author Tarek Fatah. He says, “There is no difference between the Army of Egypt and the Army of Pakistan.” I think his words are enough for us to visualize the brutal acts of Egypt as army as we all know each and everything about Pakistani army. Egyptian army does not want to lose what it has been gaining for decades. We can judge the sentiments of retired generals of ScaF of dissolving the parliament. It is all to hijack the revolution for which Egyptians have given blood.
The chapter of rumors was closed when on 24th June of 2012 the election commission announced the result of presidential run-off. Muslim Brotherhood’s candidate Mohammad Mursi was declared the first elected president of Egypt after the overthrown regime of Hosni Mubarak. This is the first time that Muslim Brotherhood candidate has become the head and the first elected president.
However, Tahrir square became the jubilation venue of Egyptian after the announcement of election. Millions of Egyptian celebrated the victory of their first elected democratic president. Their joys could be seen on their faces. They were proud of their beloved ones who got martyred during uprising. People of Egypt began to initiate a new life with their rising democracy. But it is just beginning of their journey towards democracy. Mursi has to fulfill what he has claimed for welfare of Egypt and Egyptian. And he has to restore the dissolved parliament. We are waiting for that day when the birthplace of Yusuf becomes the cradle of peace. We are anxious to see the change of inequality to equality, injustice to justice. But I repeat the words of a reporter who says, “Fincal outcome is inevitable.”