A glance on this quite destruction
By Imam Din Kandrani
In July 1987, Jaffarabad who given status of district, and its. Its old name is Jhat Pat. The district was named with Mir Jaffar Khan Jamali, who was a worker of Muslim League and was a close-companion of Mr. Jinnah. He would help financially and politically towards the promotion of the Muslim League. He died on April 04, 1967 and was buried in Rojhan Jamali.
Before the creation of Jaffarabad district, it was known as sub-division Jhat Pat in the era of one unit. Also, it remained as a part of Jacobabad district of Sindh province. Jhat Pat as sub-division is very old. It was raised to sub-division level on 12th January 1932. Captain Hoc Bland was the first commissioner. When one unit was dissolved, it was included in Sibi district and remained within the Jurisdiction district of Sibi till January 1975. In 1975, when Nasirabad got district status in administration, Jhat Pat was included in the Nasirabad district. The Usta Muhammad Sub-division was a part of Sindh province up to recent years. The sub-division was named with Moulvi Usta Muhammad. The district Jaffarabad has four tehsiles and 45 UCs.
In 1998, it was again included in Nasirabad and restored in 2002. It covers 2,445 square kilometer (census 1998). Weather becomes extremely hot and humid in the summer, in winter it is pleasant across the district. Dust storms are common in hot weather; which appear in summer. Total population is almost 725000, and growth rate is 2.92%. July till august is rainy season, even it’s the season of cultivation of rice.
Jaffarabad is adjacent with Sindh. Its boundaries link with five districts, Larkana, Jacobabad (sindh), Nasirabad, Jhal Magsi and Dera bugti.
Cultivation is main source of income, 96% of population depends on agriculture, some are landlord and most of them are cultivators, and remaining 4% of population is attached with jobs and business in various places. There are two main canals, Pat feeder, Shahi canal and these are having many branches, like, Uch, Kadi, Balan and i.e. people cultivate many crops; rice, wheat, are the major crops and onion, tomatoes, watermelon, canola, mustard, sugarcane and others are common crops.
History is witness that flood hit Jaffarabad three times; quietly damaged its structure in every field, but agriculture, business and education were destroyed from base.
In 2007, heavy rainfall had affected 80% areas, according to an official statement, two lose of human lives, 355 houses damaged, agriculture lose 5,5000 acres, live-stock lost 1100 heads, but in fact almost 60 humans lost their lives.
In 2010, again flood and heavy rainfall affected them; thousands left their native homes behind and migrated to the safe place, but at that time they faced a lot of troubles, they left their homes with house holds and escaped with empty hands and transporters were demanding for high fare. Actual fare of Jaffarabad to Quetta is 10 thousands but the transporters would get 150000. Administrators could not control them, even in Jaffarabad this problem is going on; there is no sign of price control committee.
The above mentioned flood incidents were occurred at that time, when crop of rice was ripped. Thus the financed and infrastructure completely ruptured.
16 persons died (in fact more than 200). 57142 houses damaged, but real number of damaged houses is almost one lack, because the majority of houses is mud-build and rain water permeated destroyed them. Agricultural lost is 323595 acres, live stock lost 2200 heads.
Current flood of 2012 was greater than previous; it appeared between 9 to 10 night of September caused heavy rain. Thousands of residence migrated to Quetta, Sindh and Punjab in every year they are being threatened by heavy rainfall and flood that’s why they fled. All the mud-build houses faded-away even there is no sign of those houses. After flood, a large number of flood victims are suffering very dangerous type of diseases, hunger and death. The government has yet to make international appeal for relief. 0.5 Million were issued to district administrator to establish free medical camps at all the BHUs apart from medical camps set by FC and Army. In fact, FC and Army were the real source to help the poor and they helped the needy from their core of heart.
The basic cause of destruction, are those borders of the canals, which are not built in a proper way. Also the drains are shaky too. Still there is no proper projected plan to build them in better way, that’s why water overflows causes a heavy destruction, even there are possible sign for future. If same situation remained, again masses enough to be ready for a huge devastation and government should be ready for funding them, which is called by name fund by the poor. Even people say directly that the fund releases for embezzlement.
The current scenario is requiring for a good management, good plans for betterment of residents to nourish them, financially and educationally. Educational institutes are completely damaged; need to be repaired and new building should be built up. Roods are fully destroyed; they also need repair to re-establish business in a good way. Plenty of medicines should be stored in BHUs for the treatment of the poors, because they cannot afford private clinics. Government should give an eye to the agriculture filed for poor formers to provide seeds, because their financial status is much low. Even it can be possible to lend them on loan bases to help the cultivators. If government does not take mentioned steps, so it will be a great loss and again responsibility will go to authorities. As it has been witnessed the relief activities are not also on right direction.
Jaffarbad is famous in politics, because the first elected prime minister from Balochistan is Mir Zaffar Ullah Khan Jamali belongs to Jaffar Abad, tehsil Usta Muhammad Roghan Jamali. In jafafr Abad people always vote tribal leaders rather than political leaders. The poor of district Jaffarabad are political orphan, because their MNAs and MPAs have ignored them.
The government and international organizations including Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) have to take tangible measure for the relief of the flood affected people