Nuclear programs of Iran and North Korea
By Ejaz Aziz
In today’s world of weapons and mass destruction programs countries seem to be in a stream of pursuing such a gigantic project being the most destructive atomic-powers which is creating antagonistically a bottleneck in front of the world’s peace nuclear program. Undoubtedly who cares indeed for hollowed place when a country thinks to pulverize another in the walk of becoming a nuclear country? On the other hand, the UN and Eu considering some countries like North Korea and Iran the most violent threat for the world and secondly for the western countries as subjecting them to large range of vicious sanctions, however, in environment of uncertainty and hue and cry sustains is owing to posturing thoughts of some countries who are the exact culprits of this aggressive scenario of frustration has been raised with a scrapping depiction of undeveloped or underdeveloped countries whether that is economical, political and social instability of a region to be ferocious meticulously.
Sanctions on Iran and North Korea are not a part of new game for west but the brutal face of the P5+I often declare them the most destructive fair but they might have forgotten the story of atomic bombs once dropped to a populated region that has took thousands of lives and kept the region with various sort of disease let America speaks on behalf of Israel in the security council with its illegal acquisition and immigrants of Jews but get deaf when a reliaty comes to a disclosure.
North Korea and Iran, the worst target of western embargoes are deliberately being weakened economically in lieu of entrenching them day by day in the frame of nuclear powers. The UN Security Council threatens with tighter sanctions that declare their nuclear programs are being illegal persuaded which are not according to the resolutions of IAEA. Such sanctions internally aggravating the trades and economy that results affecting the public to increase inflation and bring collapse in the currency.
An embargo never stops bad thing happening rather then entrench dictators, builds up renege economies and debilitate the urban middle class from which opposition to dictatorship grows as Khamenei once said in a speech that “sanctions were painful but make us self reliant”
Iran’s nuclear program:
In accordance with Iran’s nuclear program the P5+I (China, French, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) feels curious regarding the problem to be solved whether Iranian nuclear program is a peaceful energy program or is designed to build nuclear weapons that are antagonistically destructive. The history of Iran’s nuclear program suggests that the west was inadvertently pushing Iran toward nuclear weapons when Iran owed to entrance into the field of nuclear largely in 1950’s as a part of the atoms for peace program. The United States entered into negotiations with young Shah Mohammad Raza Pahlave in 1957 and declared ambitious plans by expanding nuclear programs and plants to 23 by the end of 1994.
The participation of the United States and western European governments in Iran’s nuclear program continued until the 1979 when Iranian revolution toppled the Shah of Iran.
After Iranian revolution new regime has decided to cancel or shrink the nuclear and military projects of Shah as Islam doesn’t allow according to its jurisprudence.
Later on, Iran seemed to launch its nuclear programs by the assistance of Russia, has signed many accords for the enrichment of uranium and energy that has persuaded perhaps with her supplement to further generate powers by the expansion of gigantic accords.
As for as the NPT (Non-proliferation treaty) is concerned. Iran signed it in 1968 and has not denounced it yet and Iran has been declared a nuclear power country in the world.
Iranian uranium is much concerns of IAEA, P5+I and international in 2003, when they decided to investigate Iranian’s uranium plants and the negotiations had almost got failed and the burning problems still sustain due to harsh behaviors and tighten embargoes from the UN and EU respectively.
On the whole, the western sanctions imposed upon Iran are appalling regarding its economic and financial sectors of business which undoubtedly losing an exorbitant amount of its goods by not having the allowance to export and import internationally. This grotesque not only affect the economy of Iran but will bring many hindrance in enhancement of its trade sector to make with in increasing of inflation, unemployment, frustration and no value of currency rate.
According to Iranian foreign ministry and other official concerned authorities, they are persuading a peace nuclear program as other countries like Israel without any bottleneck but whenever a negotiation table organizes to examine its ground secrets of following the proceedings of destructive uranium bombs, Iran gets its claws fiercely fold to angrily answer that the IAEA, UN and United States deliberately want to keep her away from this walk of being a nuclear power on the behalf of the western countries existence which is a sort of act comes under the norms of discrimination on the basis of religion which is unacceptable.
It is much noteworthy to quote that in spite of taking firm actions against illegally immigrated nations to other countries the UNO with its unlawful decisions in order to pass a resolution and halt human violations wants to create more predicaments in Iran and its neighboring countries by imposing tighten sanctions and some other plots to escalate sectarian gaps prejudicially. The EU must have to normalize its embargoes and take wholehearted steps that lead to a negotiation with fetching consequences otherwise aforementioned aggressive issues may get worsen by each passing day very ironically.
North Korean’s Nuclear Program:-
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) has been a divided country since 1945, when it was liberated from the defeated Japan after World War II. The war fought in Korea remained until on July 27, 1953 from beginning day Jun 25, 1950. After ceased from Japan, the Korean peninsula was divided into tow occupied zones in 1945, the Northern half of the peninsula occupied by the Soviet Union and the Southern half by the United States. Later on, in 1948 a United Nations supervised election was held led the creation of separate Korea government’s for two occupation zones. The Democratic People’s of Korean in the South. At last, both claimed sovereignty over the entire Korea peninsula, which led to the start of the Korean war in 1950, in 1953 an armistice committed both to a cease-fire, but the two countries remain officially at war because of formal peace treaty was never signed between them deliberately for some politically interests same is the case appalling beyond the secrets both seem the brutal enemy of each other up to now. Both the states were accepted to the Untied Nations in 1991.
North Korea is a single-party state; the country’s government follows the Juche ideology of self-reliance, initiated by the country’s first president, Kim II-Sung. North Korea has adopted its constitution in 1972.
Here remains the nuclear program to be mentioned, which North Korea declared in 2009 that it had developed a Nuclear weapon and claimed to posses a small stockpile of relatively simple nuclear weapon. North Korea was once a part of NPT (Non-proliferation treaty) but denounced in 2003, citing the failures of United States as the agreed framework signed in 1994 to help North Korea in normalizing relations to supply her some energy needs.
In general, North Korea has started its ambition of pursuing the nuclear programs in 1957 and on October 9, 2006 has issued an announcement that it had successfully conducted a nuclear test for the first time which resultantly brought the focus of international committee towards its nuclear programs with doubtful thoughts and later it scattered the whole world of Europe and South Korea with another nuclear test conduction on January 6, 2007.
In April 2009, an opinion has been shared by IAEA Director General Mohamed ELBaradei that North Korea has become a “fully fledged nuclear power”. Up to till now North Korea has assumed to have at least six nuclear weapons, but its military uranium enrichment program could boost the stockpile to as many as 48 weapons by 2012.
On May 25, 2009, North Korea conducted the 2nd nuclear test to bring the focus of some doubtful countries nearer to impose sanctions which is the tool remained to be used as feeling it a threat for their existence. The test weapons were of the same magnitude as the atomic bombs dropped on Japan in the 2nd World War.
On February 11, 2013 North Korea has conducted its third underground nuclear test successfully as officially reported. Which can yield as 7.7-7.8 kilotons was estimated by the Korea institute of geosciences and mineral resources.
Primary problem is that the current U.S administration and its colleagues fundamentally don’t want North Korea to proceed further in persuading nuclear programs as a threat for international committee as Japan and South Korea are especially concerned about North Korean counter-strikes following possible military action against her. The Obama administration has demonstrated more willingness regarding North Korean nuclear programs than the previous administration and had conducted bilateral meetings in April 2011.
Later on, in February 2012, a bilateral meeting has been held in Beijing that resulted in an agreement to halt uranium enrichment, which got cancelled owing to North Korea’s April 2012 long-range missile tests.
Now the reports from EU indicate that they are thinking deeply for more tighten sanctions on North Korea as persuading for missile technologies and selling to Iran has been said by KOMID (Korea Mining and Development Trading Corporation). According to reports, including missile technologies, multiple rocket artilleries that worth a total of over $100 million, to Africa, South America and the Middle East.
A UN sanctions committee has also reported that North Korea operates an international smuggling network for nuclear and ballistic missile technology, including to Burma, Syria and Iran which is unacceptable so that embargoes are timely actions to be taken in order to halt such transference of destructive materials abroad and North Korea has already showed refusal to allow IAEA inspectors into its nuclear facilities create a very plausible scenario for a nuclear accident that is the reason the internationally committee is unsure about North Korea and its nuclear program whether the technology is for peaceful or weapons-based use. Current threats from North Korea to South Korea have intensified those uncertainties as well.
Most recently, there has been evidence that North Korea is attempting to leak sensitive nuclear technology to Burma. Here the pertinent question remains let see how the imposed sanctions will be able to halt the nuclear programs of Iran and North Korea for the safety of the world peace that has already been escalated by those who attempt to deal with plausible scenarios of nuclear programs of other.