Growing Causes of terrorism
Shireen Hashim, Turbat
Terrorism, actually, refers to the acts which are intended to create fear. This assertion, if elaborated, can conclude to a popular perspective that terrorism is a violent act perpetrated for religious, political or dialogical target. The acts are considered unlawful violence and war.
Truthfully, the word “terrorism” is politically and emotionally charged, and it creates giant difficulty of providing a precise. Terrorism had been practiced by a broad array of political organizations for their objective, which had been practiced by right-wing and left-wing parties, religious group, revolution arises, and by ruling governments.
The term, “terrorism” originally was used by the French government during the Reign of terror, which was derived from the Latin verb ‘terror’ meaning ‘frighten’. The term was imposed by the Jacobin (member of radical movement) during the French Revolution, but after the Jacobins lost power, the word ‘terrorist’ became a term of abuse although it originally referred to the acts govt.
In November, 2004, a UN general Secretary report described terrorism as any act ‘intended to cause death or harm to civilians or no-combatant with the purpose of intimidations a population or a government, or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act.
The giant hazard of the terrorism prompted the people to penetrate the causes of the formidable issue which is a catalyst in the world. The penetration reveals that it is an aftermath of social and political injustice; people opt terrorism when they are trying to right what perceive to be a social or political or historical wrong, when they have been stripped of their land or right.
Many terrorists, in history, said sincerely that they chose violence after long deliberation, because they felt they had no choice. The causes of terrorism further include nationalism, religious reasons. History reviews that terrorism as an outcome of nationalism, such as the Boudicca, who the Romans views a terrorist as the assassination of a famous person. Additionally, whenever the religious freedoms are violated, the religious groups often resort to use terror tactic to try and address the issues; such as the Uyghur Separatist Movement, who responded to the suppression of their religion by the Chinese authorities by launching a bombing campaign, and the Al-Qaeda, who blamed the western for the decline of Islamic states and many more, which includes IRA, Hezbollah, etc.
Since the causes of terrorism are immense and also refer to human attributes; psychological cause of terrorism has been the topic of the interest for the researchers. They tried to create psychological profiles of the terrorist, which has been an uphill task, as long as the availability of terrorists for the psychological examination was scare.
However, apart from the hurdles, the researchers somehow succeeded to find out the psychological reasons of terrorism, which includes researches of Jeff victor off, a professor in the department of Neurology and psychiatry at the unity of southern California.
The summary of the research on 908 left-wing and right-wing terrorists in Italy reveals they are ambivalence towards authority with the possession of a defective insight, and emotion detachment from the consequences of their actions.
Furthermore, in 1983 a West German Interior Ministry studied the psychological factors responsible for terrorism which included 227 left-wing terrorists and 23 right-wing extremists. The research concluded that 25% of leftists had lost their parents by the age of 14, 33%reported severe conflict with parents, and 33% had a history of Juvenile court of conviction.
The psychological causes of terrorism also include Narcissistic rage, which is assumed to be existing in terrorists, because of the imperfect psychological development in childhood. It is a rage in which people experience them as all powerful. If they don’t have the opportunity to test their power, in reality, as they grow up, they don’t learn the limits of their control over events, and don’t learn how to live normally among other people.