Balochistan, victims of persecutions
By Gulab Umid, QUETTA
Baloch are settled in Balochistan for the centuries. Balochistan is the historical land of Balochs, now it is divided into three parts; one part is the southwestern province of Pakistan, the Sistani province of Iran also part of Balochistan and situated in the east of the country, and the third one is positioned in the south and south west of Afghanistan.
The area of Pakistani Balochistan is covering 347,190 square km (Population Census 1981). Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan which covers more than 43% of the total area of the country, though its population is not more than 7% out of the total population of Pakistan. The Balochistan’s economy depends on the natural resources, fisheries, agriculture and some industries’ too. In the resources, the natural gas produces from Sui Gas, copper, gold and coal are valued minerals.
However, Balochistan is the poorest despite of being rich with natural resources and its literacy level is low appallingly. The people of the Balochistan are destitute of their basic needs of living.
Under the British rule, the Kalat Parliament approved a resolution on 11th August, 1947, to persist the independent status of Balochistan. The conflict started between Pakistan and Balochs when state of Pakistan annexed Balochistan by power on 27th March, 1948. Mr Jinnah coerced Khan of Kalat to incorporate state Balochistan, the Khan of Kalat was enforced to sign on the document of annexation at Karachi in March, 1948, even though he had no mandate to from his people to do so.
The forceful merger of Balochistan with Pakistan was the paramount contradiction of Baloch with Pakistan. Subsequently, the annexation dismayed to Baloch people and they stood against this invalid decision and fought under the leadership of Prince Abdul Karim, the brother of Khan of Kalat.
The political parties such as Kalat State Nationalist Party (KSNP), which was banned by Central Government of Pakistan in 1948, the Baloch League and Baloch Nationalist workers Party supported the emancipation war. The fighting was lasted till the arrest of Abdul Karim in 1950.
The current insurgency in Balochistan, roused when mega projects were started in the province without the approval real heir of Baloch. Projects are; Gawader Sear port, Saindak projects and costal high way from Gawader to Karachi, and the construction of garrisons in Kohalo, Dera Bugti and southern areas of Balochistan, such initiatives of state of Pakistan enraged the Baloch Nationalists. The young lady doctor was raped on 2nd January, 2005, at Sui hospital and it had aggravated more the rivalry emotions of Baloch and resulted launch of a war which is underway.
Government used aircraft and bombardment on Dera Bugti inmates which resulted many innocent people murder. Akbar Khan Bugti went to mountains and fought for rights. He was targeted and got martyred with his comrades in August, 2006. The deaths of Bugti provided manpower to the movement and caused it more strengthen. The Baloch National Movement (BNM) leader Ghulam Mohammad Baloch with his two comrade’s name Lala Munir and Sher Muhammad Baloch were picked-up from the office of Advocate Kachkol Ali Baloch on 3rd April, 2009, and were slain pitilessly, the bullets riddle bodies of Baloch political were found near the Turbat.
Through reports of Human Rights Commission of Pakistan has confirmed the martyrdom of more than 140 Baloch political, social activists only in year of 2011. The number of missing persons is increasing with each passing day. The Baloch nationalist organizations claim that the number of missing persons in thousands. The missing Balochs belong to all spheres of life.
The current insurgency is different from past movements in many aspects. The women’s participation and activism in Baloch politics is odd. The Baloch women are more active in the current movement and they have occupied a sufficient space by courageous struggle. In it Women lead the agitation and demonstration in the province as well as they conduct the processions in Karachi and Islamabad. The Baloch women also fully contributed in hunger strikes camps. Presently, Baloch have reached the point of no return, the many have embraced martyrdom and thousand are in struggle.