Homophones, Heteronym, Homonym or many more

By Muslim Shafi

The piece of shorthand is to clarify the misunderstanding of English Language neophytes and all the readers’ misconception about some commonly confusable words that are always a question mark because of their pronunciation, spellings, meanings and origins. I have come across a lot of folks who negotiated well-nigh words like; “Sex” and “six”, “meat” vs. “meet” and so forth.

I overheard plateful students chanting the two similar pronounced words sex as “Sax” and six as “Sex” and this made me to pen down the terminologies for such bamboozling words which always confound a reader, and this may help some bookworms and more importantly a plethora of pupils, too.

Before turning to the concerning point, some radical educational hints are bottom-line to be shared. There are subjects whom are not acquainted with some concern materials and they have no approximation about the under-discussing materials, and then are supposed not to negotiate theme or elements they are not familiar with, because this creates a very bad impression on ones educational background. Education does not stand for destroying the topic that is under lip service, but actually it means that to come up with an inspiring outcropping by hammering out the deal in question and fact is that, “if none of us is going to lose, then nobody is going to win!!!

There are populaces or students specially who are yet not recognizable with the conceptual terms which can beautify their learning mechanism and in conjunction with, assemble them courageous to go ahead for the skyrocketing education which they are desired to extract in this mono life. To me it is not only upon teachers to teach everything vis-à-vis any subject. And, if it the matter of English language then, it has a teeming grammatical background and to wide open the door of English Language, there are some imperative terminologies that are mandatory for the learners.

English Language is not only restricted to the terms like; noun, pronoun, adjectives and reporting and resulting clauses, but in best of knowledge there are many other terms that can really simplify our Basic English crystal clearly. Unfortunately we all are until today limited to book of “Streamline” and at the other hand the Institutions of English Languages are centering on the “Part of Speech” and “Tense” which one can contemplate at home by self-study. One day I questioned a study of Level two who is studying in Quetta which is the capital of the State to define “alphabet?  His jaw dropped open the widest; so, it displays that all of the English Linguistic Academies are trying to make speakers, not writers or knowledgeable educates for the society. Students are very much glad that they can speak English, but the tantamount students get stuck when their tempo gets jammed between the river while sits to jolt down a piece of writing or an application. A student of Quetta cannot denominate “Letter” then; I do not imagine that the student of Jho or Barkan could delineate it???

Part of Speech and tenses are not the basic grammar of English, we all have been in touch with English Language centers, but none of us surely have heard about Phonics, Pangram, antonym, diphthong, synonym and many more that are key of English comprehension and as well as the crucial need of the modernized world! Not clearing these words have banned us and today we are not English Lingo abecedarians, just only “speakers” and speaking does not grandstands that one is a “English Genius”.

Much more vocabularies English language is wrapping its certain way understanding that are in huge number and students whom are suffering from Grammar-phobia should go for studying them, because apprehension of each term would convert any one a grammar-mania or a grammar-lover.

Now let’s come to the point;


homonym is a word that has the same spelling and sound as another word, but a different meaning.

For example, saw (a cutting tool) and saw (the past tense of see) are homonyms.

They have the same spelling and sound but different meanings.

Etymology or Word origin: Greek, “having the same name”

(homos = same, onoma = name)

More examples:

Bear and bear.

Fan and fan.

Well and well etc.


homophone is a word that has the same sound as another word, but a different meaning and spelling.

For example, meat and meet are homophones.

Word origin: Greek, “having the same sound”

(homos = same, phone = sound)

More examples:

To, two and too.

Big and beg.

Bare and bear etc.

Heteronym or Homographs

homograph or heteronym is a word that has the same spelling as another word, but a different pronunciation and meaning.

For example, bow (a weapon for shooting arrows) and bow (bending forward) are homographs. They have the same spelling but different meanings.

Word origin: Greek, “having the same writing”

(homos = same, grapho = write)

More examples:

Desert and Desert

Can and Can.

Read and read etc.

Hope this piece of writing would help the English learner in great number.

Reach me at balochmuslimbaloch @gmail.com


Posted on April 19, 2014, in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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