By Nadil Shah, Turbat
Socialization is the learning process in which an infant learns norms, values, beliefs, social behaviors and other cultural traits, which are practiced in the society. It is the process of transmission of cultural traits from one generation to the next. This expression can occur by his or her parents, family, and other extended family. It starts from birth to death of a person and it plays a vital role in personality development of a person. The nations, which present in the world, have different languages and culture, until now those are being practiced and recognized in the world due to the speaking and practicing by their previous generations and well socialized people by the back generations.
When a person is born and socialized in Jangle, he or she behaves as Jangly and will have no good manner, behavior, or good interaction with people. When he enters in a city, he or she does not know how to interact with the people but if a child take birth in an urban or a city he or she would behave differently as compare to the Jangly.
Moreover, “Feral children” (the children were abandoned or lost by their parents at a very early age and then raised by animals). In 1700s, a feral child known as “the wild boy of Aveyron” was studied by the scientists of his day. That boy, who was found in the forests of France in 1978, walked on all fours and pounced on small animals, devouring them uncooked. He could not speak like human being, and he gave no indication of senses.
Similarly, whatever the manner the child is socialized, in the similar way, the said child will behave with his or her family or other members of society. There are different agents of socialization, which help a child learn the material or non-material cultures.
- Family: It is the first stage of socialization where a child learns norms, values, l such as way of eating food, going to washroom and other basic practices.
- Peer/group: It is one of the stages of socialization where a child learns other things such as playing games and competitions by his or her age groups.
- School/Education: Education also plays a vital role in socialization of a child. She/he learns different things from her or his teachers at the time of institution.
- Religion: Religion plays a major role in socialization of a child. Religious persons usually influences morality and have ideas about wearing the cloths, delivering religious speeches, and manners that are appropriate in that religion.
- Media: Media is the last stage of socialization, which helps a child to be socialized. Whenever media advertises the things, the children would try to adopt and practice them in their practical lives.