Biographical Account of Mir Yousaf Aziz Maggsi
By Kifayatullah Baloch, Kharan
History bears evidence that the pages full of illustrious personalities whom devoted their lives to their nations. To pay homage and tribute to such personality by jotting down following lines about “Yousaf Aziz Maggsi”
Yousaf Aziz was born in January 1908 at Tahal, in the family of Nawab Qaser Khan migrated to Multan because cruelty and injustice of shams Shah, intensity increased.
Yousaf Aziz was taught Arabic, Persian and literature. He knew well about British cruelty and their flawed jurisprudence of injustice. He thought and planned to get rid of shams shah’s region. He raised his voice against this and planned down an article.” Faryad-e-Balochistan”, which was published in 1927 in Lahore newspaper he stated in his article that, “The world is advancing but folks of Baluchistan are dozing I pled to the people of Baluchistan do not make yourselves a laughing stock, beak the chains of slavery and remove conflicts; be a light for nation learns lesson and sacrifice”. This flammable statement and revolutionary message compelled Baloch to envisage but displeased the state. Then resultantly, The British agent and governor general AGG and resident ordered to crush this rebellion movement. In that way, consequently, his article was banned to distribute and read. Moreover, Yousaf Aziz was sentenced one year imprisonment and fined ten thousand nine hundred rupees at that time on this short article such heavy and brutal punishment one can judge clearly those difficulties which were faced by Baloch national movement leader, Yousaf Aziz his party conducted all India Baloch conferences on 28 Dec, 1932, 93, 94. Many objectives these conferences were had which are following.
1. Unity, complete political liberty overall Baluchistan.
2. Patriarchal system to be abolished.
3. Heritage of women according to Islamic law.
4. Inclusion of Derajat and Jackabad.
5. Reforms and provincial grade to Baluchistan.
6. Establishment of new schools and colleges.
7. Establishment of small industries.
8. Ban on tradition such as “Waloor, Lubb, and Kala Kali”.
Unlikely, no result gained from these conferences to achieve complete liberty over Baluchistan, so, he decided to struggle against that system. To reinforce movement he met with Allama Iqbal, Molana Abu-ul-Kalam Azad, Zafar Ali Khan “editor Zameendar Lahore”. He invited several youngsters by his struggle into the movement. Continuously, he wrote many articles on subjects such as Islamic system of Justice, rights of women, capitalism and many more.
In addition to that, He held secret meetings with Khan-of-Kalat Mir Ahmed Yar Khan in which he planned; an ambassador strove to make them acknowledged Baluchistan as free sate according to the British treaty 1976. But dialogue with British government was in vain because British did not want this. He came back from England and expounds the last option, 1934 in Al Baloch Newspaper. He said” the only option and means to unite Baloch people and get freedom is “Arm struggle” with reference to this Dr. Anayat writes in his book. “Yousaf Aziz decided to organize vast Arm struggle and appealed for assistance from Russia. Today’s writers do not fell tiresome to pen down that. “Yousaf did not want to pick sword, but when we study Al-Baloch Newspaper. The sayings of Yousaf the great leader that he was the favor of such arm struggle, then, the faces of these writers become transparent and down.
To understand the revolutionary image of Yousaf Aziz, their leading dogmas are well dogmas are well enough (Nationalism and developing Islam). Today the soul of him must be agonized because his homeland is occupied. Some fake and so called nationalist present his glorious and great thought in other shape. This will be assuredly a joke to his theory. He was the founder of Baloch national movement whatever his silent feature is for his homeland, service for Baloch national movement. They are clean and crystal, but it is painful to say that he was separated; physically from us in mid night as May 31, 1935 in catastrophic earth Quake attacked Quetta. His thoughts, ideas, to a new state, his struggle, and his theory still exist today.
Everyone flowed tear to his sudden death, Mir Gull Khan Chate (Baloch poet, historian wrote a letter (31 August, 1935) to Nawab Zada Mir Shahbaz Khan Nosherwani, the younger brother of Nawab-e-Kharan and great activist of Baloch National Movement) about the sudden martyrdom of Yousaf Aziz there is no heart which does not beat. The cloud of sorrows, there is no eye which does not have tear, he showed the path and vanished, and he was the light for Baloch but inspired spirit of struggle and took flight in the sky”. At last we as a Baloch should think like Yousaf and struggle by adopting his method so that we may prosper and have a free state.