Afghanistan; a modern model of colonialism
Asharraf Ghani appoints as president and Abdullah Abdullah Chief Executive in result of election, 2014.
By Ahmed Khan
Many countries have put their spoon and scrambling in pane of Afghanistan to get desirous sauce. Soviet Union with curtailed aspirations returned from Afghanistan in 1990. The built Mujahidin were converted into Taliban and Pakistan which is regional ally of imperialist, dealt with war-torn country as its fifth province by using the religion card.
After disintegration of Soviet Union, the sole supper – power of world America fixed her eyes on Central Asian mineral and energy resources, where she has only entrance is Balochistan through Afghanistan that is a land-locked state. But Balochistan has warm – water coastal area stretching on 700 kilometers.
For getting the control on Afghanistan, the drama of 9/11 was done merely to get logic for invasion this state. In 2002, the American explicitly had onslaught on their carved Mujahidin and overthrew Taliban government that occupied entire country overnight.
After invasion of Afghanistan, within a year by help of Northern Alliance an anonymous person of politics Mr Hamid Karzai was made monarch of Afghanistan.
In past, the colonizer state would stationed their armies in colonozied regions for exploitation but now with passage of time the colonizing process also got evaluated. By now creating comprador and stationing some army official merely for supervision or commanding the colonized state’s army including other departments is being run in modern colonized. Iraq and Afghanistan are solid proof about this. The Afghanistan is much improved experience of modern colonialism.
In Afghanistan, the imperialist merely for eye-wash conducted election but it is apparent that the candidates who were contesting are not capable to challenge the status of imperialist or make any decision about stationed pocket foreigner forces.
In 2014 election, the voting for the post of president held on 5 April 2014. Hamid Karzai accomplished his tenure of 5 years and it is a positive tradition that he is willingly going to transfer the power to next incumbent obtained.
In recent election a total of 27 candidates were confirmed to have submitted their nominations by Afghanistan’s Independent Election Commission on 6 October 2013, the closing date of the nomination period.
Asharraf Ghani, former minister of finance.
Mr Abdullah Abdullah, ex-foreigner minister
Dil Agha Kohdamani
Hashmat Ghavi Ahmadzai
Quayum Karzai, brother of Mr Hamid Karzai, businessmen and politician
Fazil Karim Najmi
Zalmai Rassoul, former minister of foreign affairs
Abdul Rasul Sayyaf
Abdul Rahim Wardak, former minister of defense
The Afghanistan Independent Election Commission on 22 October, 2014 disqualified 16 of the candidates, leaving only 11 in the contest. The motives, like education level, documentation and the number of required signature caused disqualification of different candidates. The disqualified candidate had right of appeal at office of Independent Election Commission.
On 25 November 2013, the Independent Election Commission announced the ordering of the candidate names for the election ballot as under:
Quayum Karzai announced abnegation on 6 March, 2014 for the post of president and suggested his voters to vote for Zalmai Rassoul. Accordingly, Sardar Mohd Nadir Naeem and Abdul Rahim Wardak did the same with impetus to create a strong Pashtoon ticket.
During debates and election campaigns Mr Abdullah Abdullah and Mr Ghani criticized on Pakistan for interference in internal affairs of Afghanistan. The front-runner candidates had agenda for removal of corruption, maintenance of peace and security in war-torn country, formation of an independent foreign policy and alleviation of poverty in Afghanistan.
Mr Abdullah Abdullah on several occasion voiced for resolve of Durand Line dispute and proxy involvement by Taliban with Pakistan. But Mr Ghani evaded discussing Durand Line, and he ever seemed to shun confrontation with Pakistan. He is an economist and impressed from western economy which base on capitalism, whilst capitalism spent its life and is on verge of collapse. Through this system neither justice can be delivered to masses nor can prosperity be brought in a society. Today’s world and religious people are disabled to perceive this natural fact; consequently all efforts for human civilization and growth in productions are going in vain.
As opposite to above discussed school of thought, Mr. Abdullah has socialistic approach and he is averse much to those elements which had poked and caused great devastation in Afghanistan.
Insecurity was major obstacle in election’s process in Afghanistan, where Taliban had announced for not letting to vote. In the nexus of attacks, on June 6, 2014, the front-runner candidate Mr Abdullah Abdullah narrowly survived an assassination attempt. In the attack, suicide bombers targeted his armored car, severely damaging the vehicle and killed three of his bodyguards as well as bypassers. Mr Abdullah Abdullah escaped largely unscathed. Similarly, other violent disruptive election bids were made. The Afghan Intelligence – National Directorate of Security (NDS) Chief, Rehmattullah Nabil accused Pakistan’s ISI and Iranian Revolutionary Guard for escalating clashes in Helmand province. Overall the voting process spanned peacefully in entire country except some violent incidents.
The preliminary results were announced on 26 April and were finalized on 15 May. About 12 million Afghans were registered to vote in the country and about 8 million members of Afghan diaspora were also eligible to vote. Nearly two-thirds of the Afghan population was under the age of 25.
No candidate secured more than the 50% of the vote, so there was a second round run-off on 14 June. Preliminary results for the second round were due on 2 July, but were delayed to 7 July. Due to allegations of widespread fraud, US Secretary of State John Kerry announced on July 12 that all ballots would be audited under UN supervision. As of Aug. 29, the UN was monitoring the recount of the second-round ballots, and results were set to be further delayed.
The first round results are summarized as under:
After second round of voting result was mentioned; Asharraf Ghani got 53% and Abdullah who was winner of first round got 47%, consequently he denied to accept the result and on large scale commenced protest throughout Afghanistan. By arbitration of US official and international countries middling Mr Abdullah Abdullah compromised for post Chief Executive (Descriptions of post is not explained) and Asharraf Ghani appointed as president of Afghanistan.
The appointment of Asharraf Ghani will encourage capitalistic activities in country, obviously this system has failed worst to serve humanity, and hence will cause more corruption, haves and have not gape will be widen more in Afghanistan. Pakistan has better approach to Asharraf Ghani than Mr Abdullah Abdullah, and now the state of Pakistan is inclined to pull China into Afghanistan and earn something for her, as she did in past by brining America. If Abdullah Abdullah was given post of president, then India, Russia and to some extent European states would have better relations with Afghanistan. The heading of Abdullah Abdullah also would encourage the nationalist and secessionist of Balochistan, but Asharraf Ghani probably prefer to Pakistani establishment on Baloch Nationalists.
The above forecasted impacts may cause the regional stake-holders but one thing is crystal clear that whoever be president of Afghanistan would follow the instructions of imperialist. It is possible the imperialist allow afghan rulers for settlement and some extent alterations within country file ranks but it is out of question that they challenge interests of modern colonizer. Afghanistan is sharp example of modern colonialism, presently.