Road Accidents are the Single Largest Killer of Young People around the world: NHA
Human Safety on Roads is the most prior objective of National Highways & Motorway Police West Zone Balochistan
By Mohd Ayaz
Killing people of 5 to 14 are often said to be the cause of Malaria and Diarrhea have contributed enough to increase the death rate of our society. Each year an estimated 1.3 million people are killed in traffic accidents around the world and 20 to 50 million are injured. That estimates 3500 people killed a day in road accidents. By 2030, road traffic injuries are expected to be the fifth largest cause of death around the globe. According to the World Health Organization, in Pakistan more than 14,000 people are killed in road accidents and 20,000 people permanently become handicap. Furthermore, in Pakistan, 40% mortalities occur in vehicles crashes in which 35% are the pedestrians. From these mentioned causalities 35% only 25% riding two wheelers loss their lives. The aftermath is widespread on the entire society as a whole. Framing road traffic injuries as a public health issue and aid to highlight this notable issue, and it can possibly leads towards urging, convincing and encouraging the government to take possible measures to tackle it seriously.
On the instructions of the high officials of the National Highways & Motorway police, Deputy Inspector General Ehsan Manzoor and Senior Superintendent of Police Ayaz Baloch, the Mobile Education Unit In charge patrolling officer Mohammad Ayaz, patrolling officer Attaullah Khan, Assistant patrolling officer Shehzad Hussain have been visiting different institutes, departments, public places, bus stands and professional institutes during the current year and delivered lectures on “Human Safety on Roads”. During the lectures, the causes, of road accidents and their control have been described before the participants. Driver fatigue is the serious problem resulting in many accidents each year in Pakistan. These types of crashes are about 50% more likely to result in death or serious injury as they tend to be high speed impacts because a driver who has fallen asleep cannot brake or swerve to avoid or reduce the impact. Drivers’ fatigue and sleepiness reduces reaction time (a critical element of safe driving). It also reduces vigilance, alertness and concentration so that the ability to perform attention-based activities (such as driving) is impaired. The speed at which information is processed is also reduced by sleepiness. The quality of decision-making may also be affected. So, It has been emphasized and conveyed methods:-
How to Avoid Falling Asleep at the Wheel
Driving when a driver is tired greatly increases your accident risk. To minimize this risk
- Make sure that a driver is fit to drive. Do not begin a journey if the driver seems tired. Driver must take a good night’s sleep before embarking on a long journey.
- Avoid undertaking long journeys between midnight and 6am, when natural alertness is at a minimum.
- Plan your journey and tell drivers to take sufficient breaks. A minimum break of at least 15 minutes after every two hours of driving is essential.
- If drivers feel sleepy, stop them in a safe place.
- The most effective ways to counter sleepiness are to drink, for example, two cups of caffeinated coffee or tea and to take a short nap (up to 15 minutes).
Driver fatigue is a serious problem resulting in many road accidents in Pakistan
It has also been pin pointed to participants that Why seatbelts are necessary to be fastened during the journey and How it can save precious lives. Seat belt use is the single most effective way to save lives and reduce injuries in crashes. If the car suddenly stops or crashes, the driver and passengers continue at the same speed the car was going before it stopped. A seatbelt applies an opposite force to the driver and passengers to prevent them from falling out or making contact with the interior of the car.
What is the impact of seat belt use?
- Seat belts reduce serious crash-related injuries and deaths by about half.
- Air bags provide added protection but are not a substitute for seat belts. Air bags plus seat belts provide the greatest protection for adults.
Driving While Using Cell Phone as Dangerous as Driving While Drunk
Using mobile phone is a growing problem and lead to many accidents in Pakistan. Usage of mobiles while driving, attention of drivers’ are distracted from the road. Drivers who use a handheld device are four times more likely to get into a serious crash. Evidence shows that the distraction caused by mobile phones can impair driving performance in a number of ways, e.g. longer reaction times (notably braking reaction time, but also reaction to traffic signals), impaired ability to keep in the correct lane, and shorter following distances. Text messaging also results in considerably reduced driving performance, with young drivers at particular risk of the effects of distraction resulting from this use. Wearing a helmet is the single most effective way of reducing head injuries and fatalities resulting from motorcycle. Participants have been told about the advantages of wearing helmets while riding. It has also been notified that how the safety measures can be taken while driving at night. All the readers have appreciated the efforts of the National Highways & Motorway police and expressed their gratitude for raising their awareness which can secure the precious lives.